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ctranspose, '

Complex conjugate transpose


B = A'
B = ctranspose(A)



B = A' computes the complex conjugate transpose of A.

B = ctranspose(A) is an alternate way to execute A', but is rarely used. It enables operator overloading for classes.


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Create a 4-by-2 matrix.

A = [2 1; 9 7; 2 8; 3 5]
A = 4×2

     2     1
     9     7
     2     8
     3     5

Find the conjugate transpose of A.

B = A'
B = 2×4

     2     9     2     3
     1     7     8     5

The result is a 2-by-4 matrix. B has the same elements as A, but the row and column index for each element are interchanged. When no complex elements are present, A' produces the same result as A.'.

Create a 2-by-2 matrix with complex elements.

A = [0-1i 2+1i;4+2i 0-2i]
A = 2×2 complex

   0.0000 - 1.0000i   2.0000 + 1.0000i
   4.0000 + 2.0000i   0.0000 - 2.0000i

Find the conjugate transpose of A.

B = A'
B = 2×2 complex

   0.0000 + 1.0000i   4.0000 - 2.0000i
   2.0000 - 1.0000i   0.0000 + 2.0000i

The result, B, contains the elements of A with the row and column indices interchanged. The sign of the imaginary part of each number is also switched.

Input Arguments

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Input array, specified as a vector or matrix.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | logical | char | string | struct | cell | categorical | datetime | duration | calendarDuration
Complex Number Support: Yes

More About

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Complex Conjugate Transpose

The complex conjugate transpose of a matrix interchanges the row and column index for each element, reflecting the elements across the main diagonal. The operation also negates the imaginary part of any complex numbers.

For example, if B = A' and A(1,2) is 1+1i, then the element B(2,1) is 1-1i.


  • The nonconjugate transpose operator, A.', performs a transpose without conjugation. That is, it does not change the sign of the imaginary parts of the elements.

  • For logical or non-numeric inputs, ctranspose and transpose produce the same result.

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using MATLAB® Coder™.

Introduced before R2006a