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connect

Create architecture model connections

Description

example

connectors = connect(srcComponent,destComponent) connects the unconnected output ports of the source component srcComponent to the unconnected input ports of the destination component destComponent based on matching port names, and returns a handle to the connector. For physical connections, the connectors are nondirectional so the source and destination components can be interchanged.

connectors = connect(architecture,[srcComponent,srcComponent,...],[destComponent,destComponent,...]) connects arrays of components in the architecture.

connectors = connect(architecture,[],destComponent) connects a parent architecture input port to a destination child component.

connectors = connect(architecture,srcComponent,[]) connects a source child component to a parent architecture output port.

example

connectors = connect(srcPort,destPort) connects a source port and a destination port, or connects two nondirectional physical ports.

connectors = connect(srcPort,destPort,stereotype) connects two ports and applies a stereotype to the connector.

example

connectors = connect(___,Name,Value) specifies options using one or more name-value arguments in addition to the input arguments in previous syntaxes.

Examples

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Create and connect two components.

Create a top-level architecture model.

modelName = 'archModel';
arch = systemcomposer.createModel(modelName,true);
rootArch = get(arch,'Architecture');

Create two new components.

names = {'Component1','Component2'};
newComponents = addComponent(rootArch,names);

Add ports to the components.

outPort1 = addPort(newComponents(1).Architecture,'testSig','out'); 
inPort1 = addPort(newComponents(2).Architecture,'testSig','in');

Connect the components.

conns = connect(newComponents(1),newComponents(2));

Improve the model layout.

Simulink.BlockDiagram.arrangeSystem(modelName)

Create and connect two ports.

Create a top-level architecture model.

modelName = 'archModel';
arch = systemcomposer.createModel(modelName,true);
rootArch = get(arch,'Architecture');                  

Create two new components.

names = {'Component1','Component2'};
newComponents = addComponent(rootArch,names);

Add ports to the components.

outPort1 = addPort(newComponents(1).Architecture,'testSig','out'); 
inPort1 = addPort(newComponents(2).Architecture,'testSig','in');

Extract the component ports.

srcPort = getPort(newComponents(1),'testSig');
destPort = getPort(newComponents(2),'testSig');

Connect the ports.

conns = connect(srcPort,destPort);

Improve the model layout.

Simulink.BlockDiagram.arrangeSystem(modelName)

Create and connect a destination architecture port interface element to a component.

Create a top-level architecture model.

modelName = 'archModel';
arch = systemcomposer.createModel(modelName,true);
rootArch = get(arch,'Architecture');                  

Create a new component.

newComponent = addComponent(rootArch,'Component1');

Add destination architecture ports to the component and the architecture.

outPortComp = addPort(newComponent.Architecture,'testSig','out');
outPortArch = addPort(rootArch,'testSig','out');

Extract corresponding port objects.

compSrcPort = getPort(newComponent,'testSig');
archDestPort = getPort(rootArch,'testSig');

Add an interface and an interface element, and associate the interface with the architecture port.

interface = arch.InterfaceDictionary.addInterface('interface');
interface.addElement('x');
archDestPort.setInterface(interface);

Select an element on the architecture port and establish a connection.

conns = connect(compSrcPort,archDestPort,'DestinationElement','x');

Improve the model layout.

Simulink.BlockDiagram.arrangeSystem(modelName)

Input Arguments

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Architecture, specified as a systemcomposer.arch.Architecture object. The architecture is the interface and underlying structural definition of the model or component.

Source component, specified as a systemcomposer.arch.Component object.

Destination component, specified as a systemcomposer.arch.Component object.

Source port to connect, specified as a systemcomposer.arch.ComponentPort or systemcomposer.arch.ArchitecturePort object.

Destination port to connect, specified as a systemcomposer.arch.ComponentPort or systemcomposer.arch.ArchitecturePort object.

Stereotype to apply to the connection, specified as a character vector or string in the form '<profile>.<stereotype>'.

Data Types: char | string

Name-Value Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside quotes. You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: connect(archPort,compPort,'SourceElement','a')

Option to apply stereotype to connector, specified as a character vector or string in the form '<profile>.<stereotype>'.

This name-value argument applies only when you connect components.

Example: conns = connect(srcComp,destComp,'Stereotype','GeneralProfile.ConnStereotype')

Data Types: char | string

Option to specify rule for connections, specified as either 'name' based on the name of ports or 'interface' based on the interface name on ports.

This name-value argument applies only when you connect components.

Example: conns = connect([srcComp1,srcComp2],[destComp1,destComp2],'Rule','interface')

Data Types: char | string

Option to allow multiple destination components for the same source component, specified as a logical.

This name-value argument applies only when you connect components.

Example: conns = connect(srcComp,[destComp1,destComp2],'MultipleOutputConnectors',true)

Data Types: logical

Option to select source element for connection, specified as a character vector or string of the name of the data element.

This name-value argument applies only when you connect ports.

Example: conns = connect(archSrcPort,compDestPort,'SourceElement','x')

Data Types: char | string

Option to select destination element for connection, specified as a character vector or string of the name of the data element.

This name-value argument applies only when you connect ports.

Example: conns = connect(compSrcPort,archDestPort,'DestinationElement','x')

Data Types: char | string

Option to specify type of automatic line routing, specified as one of the following:

  • 'smart' — Use automatic line routing that takes the best advantage of the blank spaces on the canvas and avoids overlapping other lines and labels.

  • 'on' — Use automatic line routing.

  • 'off' — Use no automatic line routing.

Example: conns = connect(srcPort,destPort,'Routing','on')

Data Types: char | string

Output Arguments

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Created connections, returned as an array of systemcomposer.arch.Connector or systemcomposer.arch.PhysicalConnector objects.

More About

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Definitions

TermDefinitionApplicationMore Information
architectureA System Composer™ architecture represents a system of components and how they interface with each other structurally and behaviorally. You can represent specific architectures using alternate views.

Different types of architectures describe different aspects of systems:

  • Functional architecture describes the flow of data in a system.

  • Logical architecture describes the intended operation of a system.

  • Physical architecture describes the platform or hardware in a system.

Compose Architecture Visually
modelA System Composer model is the file that contains architectural information, including components, ports, connectors, interfaces, and behaviors.

Perform operations on a model:

  • Extract the root-level architecture contained in the model.

  • Apply profiles.

  • Link interface data dictionaries.

  • Generate instances from model architecture.

System Composer models are stored as SLX files.

Create an Architecture Model with Interfaces and Requirement Links
componentA component is a nontrivial, nearly independent, and replaceable part of a system that fulfills a clear function in the context of an architecture. A component defines an architecture element, such as a function, a system, hardware, software, or other conceptual entity. A component can also be a subsystem or subfunction.Represented as a block, a component is a part of an architecture model that can be separated into reusable artifacts.Components
portA port is a node on a component or architecture that represents a point of interaction with its environment. A port permits the flow of information to and from other components or systems.

There are different types of ports:

  • Component ports are interaction points on the component to other components.

  • Architecture ports are ports on the boundary of the system, whether the boundary is within a component or the overall architecture model.

Ports
connectorConnectors are lines that provide connections between ports. Connectors describe how information flows between components or architectures.A connector allows two components to interact without defining the nature of the interaction. Set an interface on a port to define how the components interact.Connections

TermDefinitionApplicationMore Information
physical subsystemA physical subsystem is a Simulink® subsystem with Simscape™ connections.A physical subsystem with Simscape connections uses a physical network approach suited for simulating systems with real physical components and represents a mathematical model.Describe Component Behavior Using Simscape
physical portA physical port represents a Simscape physical modeling connector port called a Connection Port (Simscape).Use physical ports to connect components in an architecture model or to enable physical systems in a Simulink subsystem.Define Physical Ports on a Component
physical connector

A physical connector can represent a nondirectional conserving connection of a specific physical domain. Connectors can also represent physical signals.

Use physical connectors to connect physical components that represent features of a system to simulate mathematically.Architecture Model with Simscape Behavior for a DC Motor
physical interface

A physical interface defines the kind of information that flows through a physical port. The same interface can be assigned to multiple ports. A physical interface is a composite interface equivalent to a Simulink.ConnectionBus object that specifies at least one Simulink.ConnectionElement object.

Use a physical interface to bundle physical elements to describe a physical model using at least one physical domain.Specify Physical Interfaces on the Ports
physical element

A physical element describes the decomposition of a physical interface. A physical element is equivalent to a Simulink.ConnectionElement object.

Define the Type of a physical element as a physical domain to enable use of that domain in a physical model.Describe Component Behavior Using Simscape

Introduced in R2019a