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Create user interface control



The uicontrol function is not supported in App Designer or in apps created using the uifigure function. Instead, for a list of available components in these contexts, see App Building Components.

c = uicontrol creates a push button (the default user interface control) in the current figure, and returns the UIControl object. If a figure does not exist, then MATLAB® calls the figure function to create one.


c = uicontrol(Name,Value) creates a user interface control with property values specified using one or more name-value pair arguments. For example, 'Style','checkbox' creates a check box.

c = uicontrol(parent) creates the default user interface control in the specified parent, instead of defaulting to the current figure.


c = uicontrol(parent,Name,Value) specifies the parent for the user interface control and one or more name-value pair arguments.


uicontrol(c) gives focus to a previously defined user interface control.


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Create a radio button by specifying the 'Style' name-value pair argument as 'radiobutton'. Label the radio button by specifying a value for the 'String' name-value pair argument.

c = uicontrol('Style','radiobutton','String','Option 1');

Figure window with a radio button labeled "Option 1"

Create a figure and a panel positioned within it. Then, create a slider within the panel by calling the uicontrol function with the panel specified as the parent and 'Style' specified as 'slider'. Next, set the slider Value property to 0.5.

f = figure;
p = uipanel(f,'Position',[0.1 0.1 0.35 0.65]);
c = uicontrol(p,'Style','slider');
c.Value = 0.5;

Figure window with a panel that contains a slider

Create a pop-up menu that displays a list of choices when clicked. Use a callback function to determine the list item selected by the user and display the selection in the MATLAB Command Window.

Save this code as mytemps.m. This code creates a figure window with a pop-up menu containing three list items. Then, it uses a callback function to query the Value and String properties of the pop-up menu and displays the selected item at the command line.

function mytemps
f = figure;
c = uicontrol(f,'Style','popupmenu');
c.Position = [20 75 60 20];
c.String = {'Celsius','Kelvin','Fahrenheit'};
c.Callback = @selection;

    function selection(src,event)
        val = c.Value;
        str = c.String;
        disp(['Selection: ' str{val}]);


Run the program to generate the figure and its contents.


Figure window with a pop-up menu. The pop-up menu has the list items "Celsius", "Kelvin", and "Fahrenheit".

Choose a different menu item to change the selection. For example, if you select "Kelvin" from the pop-up menu, the command line then displays the text Selection: Kelvin.

Create a push button that plots data when you click it.

Save this code as pushbuttonPlot.m. This code creates a figure window that contains axes and a push button. Each time you click the button, the callback function executes and plots a bar chart of five normally distributed random numbers.

function pushbuttonPlot
f = figure;
ax = axes(f);
ax.Units = 'pixels';
ax.Position = [75 75 325 280]
c = uicontrol;
c.String = 'Plot Data';
c.Callback = @plotButtonPushed;

    function plotButtonPushed(src,event)


Run pushbuttonPlot, and then click the push button. MATLAB plots the data.

Figure window with a plot and a push button labeled "Plot Data"

Create an editable text field and bring it into focus by passing its function handle into the uicontrol function. This action causes the cursor to become active, and blink, within the editable text field.

c = uicontrol('Style','edit');

Figure window with an edit field

Input Arguments

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Parent object, specified as a Figure object created using the figure function, or as one of its child containers: a Panel, ButtonGroup, or Tab object. Use this argument to specify the parent container when creating a user interface control.

User interface control object, specified as a UIControl object. Use this argument to specify a previously defined user interface control that you wish to bring into focus.

Example: uicontrol(c)

Name-Value Arguments

Specify optional pairs of arguments as Name1=Value1,...,NameN=ValueN, where Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name-value arguments must appear after other arguments, but the order of the pairs does not matter.

Before R2021a, use commas to separate each name and value, and enclose Name in quotes.

Example: uicontrol('Style','checkbox') specifies a check box as the style of the user interface control.


The properties listed here are only a subset. For a complete list, see UIControl Properties.

Style of UIControl object, specified as a value from the following table.

Style Property ValueExampleDescription
'pushbutton'Push buttonButton that appears to depress until you release the mouse button.

Selected toggle button
Cleared toggle button

Button that looks like a push button, but that visually indicates its state: selected or cleared.

Selected check box
Cleared check box

Option that can be selected or cleared independently.

Selected radio button
Cleared radio button

Option that is intended to form part of a group, such that, when selected, it clears the other options within the group.

To implement mutually exclusive behavior for a set of radio buttons, place them within a uibuttongroup.


Editable text field that says, "Enter search term."

Editable text field.

To enable multiple lines of text, set the Max and Min properties so that Max-Min > 1.


Static text field that says, "Select an item below:"

Static text field. Use static text to label other user interface controls, provide information to the user, or indicate values associated with a slider.

To make static text respond to mouse clicks, set the Enable property to 'Inactive' and code a response with the ButtonDownFcn callback.


Slider with the thumb at the leftmost location

"Thumb" button that the user moves along a horizontal or vertical bar. The location of the button along the bar indicates a value within a specified range.


List box with three items

List of items from which the user can select one or more items. Unlike pop-up menus, list boxes do not expand when clicked.

To enable multiple selection of items, set the Max and Min properties so that Max-Min > 1. To delay action when multiple items can be selected from a list box, you can associate a Done push button with the list box. Then, use the callback for that button to evaluate the list box Value property.


Pop-up menu with three items

Pop-up menu (also known as drop-down menu) that expands to display a list of choices. When closed, a pop-up menu indicates the current choice. Use pop-up menus when you want to provide a number of mutually exclusive choices.

'frame'The 'frame' option is not recommended. Use uipanel or uibuttongroup instead of frames. GUIDE continues to support frames in UIs that contain them, but the frame component does not appear in the GUIDE Layout Editor component palette.

Text to display, specified as a character vector, cell array of character vectors, string array, categorical array, or pipe-delimited row vector. The Style property dictates the array format you can use.

Style PropertySupported Array FormatsExamples

Character vector

Cell array of character vectors

String array

Categorical array

'Option 1'

{'Option 1'}

"Option 1"

categorical({'Option 1'})


Character vector

Cell array of character vectors

String array

Categorical array

Pipe-delimited row vector



["One" "Two" "Three"]





If you specify a cell array or a categorical array for a push button, toggle button, check box, or radio button, MATLAB displays only the first element in the array.

Location and size, specified as a four-element vector of the form [left bottom width height]. Default measurement units are in pixels. The table describes each element in the vector.

leftDistance from the inner left edge of the parent container to the outer left edge of the user interface control.
bottomDistance from the inner bottom edge of the parent container to the outer bottom edge of the user interface control.
widthDistance between the right and left outer edges of the user interface control.
heightDistance between the top and bottom outer edges of the user interface control.

Position values are relative to the parent container's drawable area. The drawable area is the area inside the borders of the container and does not include the area occupied by the title. If the parent container is a figure, the drawable area also excludes the menu bar and tool bar.

Current value, specified as a number. Use to query or modify the status of certain user interface controls. The table describes the Value property in relation to specific UIControl styles.

Style PropertyDescription of Value Property
  • Selected: Value of the Max property.

  • Cleared: Value of the Min property.

  • Selected: Value of the Max property.

  • Cleared: Value of the Min property.

  • Selected: Value of the Max property.

  • Cleared: Value of the Min property.

'slider'Value associated with the thumb location along the slider bar.
'listbox'Array index corresponding to the selected item in the list box. A value of 1 (default) corresponds to the first item in the list. When multiple items are selected, the Value property stores the row indexes as a vector.
'popupmenu'Array index corresponding to the selected item in the pop-up menu. A value of 1 (default) corresponds to the first item in the pop-up menu.

Version History

Introduced before R2006a