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How do I plot a toroid in MATLAB?

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I would like to plot a toroid in MATLAB but MATLAB does not have a built in function to do this.

Accepted Answer

MathWorks Support Team
MathWorks Support Team on 27 Jun 2009
You will need to formulate the x, y, and z-coordinate matrices manually and then plot them using the SURF function.
The SURF and MESH functions accept only one set of x, y, and z-coordinates, but in a toroid, (x,y) ordered pairs can have two corresponding z-coordinates. Therefore, to plot a toroid in MATLAB, you will need to plot the top and bottom halves as two separate surfaces on the same plot. For example:
%%Create R and THETA data
theta = 0:pi/10:2*pi;
r = 2*pi:pi/20:3*pi;
[R,T] = meshgrid(r,theta);
%%Create top and bottom halves
Z_top = 2*sin(R);
Z_bottom = -2*sin(R);
%%Convert to Cartesian coordinates and plot
[X,Y,Z] = pol2cart(T,R,Z_top);
surf(X,Y,Z);
hold on;
[X,Y,Z] = pol2cart(T,R,Z_bottom);
surf(X,Y,Z);
axis equal
shading interp
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More Answers (1)

Alex Pedcenko
Alex Pedcenko on 5 Nov 2017
Edited: Alex Pedcenko on 27 Sep 2019
R=5; % outer radius of torus
r=2; % inner tube radius
th=linspace(0,2*pi,36); % e.g. 36 partitions along perimeter of the tube
phi=linspace(0,2*pi,18); % e.g. 18 partitions along azimuth of torus
% we convert our vectors phi and th to [n x n] matrices with meshgrid command:
[Phi,Th]=meshgrid(phi,th);
% now we generate n x n matrices for x,y,z according to eqn of torus
x=(R+r.*cos(Th)).*cos(Phi);
y=(R+r.*cos(Th)).*sin(Phi);
z=r.*sin(Th);
surf(x,y,z); % plot surface
daspect([1 1 1]) % preserves the shape of torus
colormap('jet') % change color appearance
title('Torus')
xlabel('X');ylabel('Y');zlabel('Z');
torus1.png
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