i can't uderstand the image blurring in following code....what does the following blurring filter do? how does it work?

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shawn
shawn on 19 Jul 2012
i read the following code for a filter that blurs and then deblurs the image but the resultant blurring image is not expected... can you please explain why is it so? even though the deblurred result actually looks like the blurred expectation....
iBlur = Blurred result
iRes = restored
function h = generateFilter(s,img)
h = [];
[width,height] = size(img);
for y = 1:height
for x = 1:width
h(x,y) = (s/(2*pi))^(-s*sqrt(x^2+y^2));
end
end
% 'h' is the bluring filter
h = h / sum(sum(h)); % normalize
end
function [iRes,h] = applyBlurFilter(s,img);
iRes = [];
h = generateFilter(s,img);
H = fft2(h);
IMG = fft2(img);
I_BLUR = IMG .* H;
figure; imshow(uint8(I_BLUR));
iRes = ifft2(I_BLUR);
figure; imshow(uint8(iRes));
end
a =imread(filename);
a = rgb2gray(a);
s = 0.2 % the value of s can be ranged from 0.1-0.5 to observe any sort of output....
applyBlurFilter(s,a)
please help...
  1 Comment
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 19 Jul 2012
You would have to tell us what you "expected".
It would probably also help if you described the difference between what you expected and what you got.

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Answers (2)

Ryan
Ryan on 20 Jul 2012
Edited: Ryan on 20 Jul 2012
I believe your unblurred is your expected blurred, and your blurred is actually the frequency domain for the blurred image. The filter is a Gaussian of some sort, I think it's an averaging filter due to the division by the sum(sum()).
Element wise division in the frequency domain with H will deblur it.

Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 20 Jul 2012
All you do is inverse FFT your blurred image, so of course it looks blurred back in the spatial domain. If you didn't want that you'd have to do an "inverse filter" by dividing your fourier domain image by H before you IFFT it.

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