How Can I Vectorize Function With If Statement?

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I have a function defined like:
function result = myfunc(x)
if x > 3
result = 0;
else
result = 1;
end
end
And I would like to figure out how to vectorize it such that if I pass a vector x = 1:10 then it gives me back a vector with ones and zeros in the right spot. Instead I get this:
>> x = 1:10;
>> result = myfunc(x);
ans = 1
But I don't want a scalar 1 returned I need a vector returned corresponding to each element of x.
I thought I could do:
v_myfunc = vectorize(myfunc)
But that unfortunately just gave an error so that is apparently not the thing to do.
NOTE My actual function is much more complicated but solving this simple example will fix many of my problems I think so please don't say "Just do result = ones(size(x)); result(x > 3) = 0;" since I really need to vectorize functions with if statements inside and so please answer how I can vectorize such a thing. If someone can help me figure out how to vectorize functions with if statements such as these that will be most helpful.
Thank you!

Accepted Answer

Fangjun Jiang
Fangjun Jiang on 7 Oct 2011
>> a=1:10
a =
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
>> b=arrayfun(@myfunc,a)
b =
1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
The point is, if you want your function to be able to deal with vector or matrix, the function has to be designed that way. If the function deals with scalar only, then MATLAB function arrayfun(),cellfun() and structfun() can help you go around.

More Answers (2)

TOSA2016
TOSA2016 on 28 Apr 2019
Edited: TOSA2016 on 10 Jul 2019
This might also help
a = 1:10;
b = 0 * (a>3) + 1 * (a<=3)

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 7 Oct 2011
function result = myfunc(x);
result = zeros(size(x));
idx1 = x>3;
idx2 = (x.^2 + x) > 9;
result(idx1) = 1;
result(idx2) = 2;
result(~(idx1|idx2)) = 3;

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