Select the Command Window
The Command Window enables you to enter individual statements at the command line, indicated by the prompt (>>). As you enter statements, the Command Window displays the results.
For example, to create the variable
1 at the command line and press Enter. MATLAB® adds the variable to the workspace and displays the result in the Command
Window. To suppress the display of output, end statements with a semicolon, for example,
a = 1;.
If you do not specify an output variable, MATLAB uses the variable
ans, short for
answer, to store the results of your calculation. The value of
ans changes with every command that returns an output value that
is not assigned to a variable.
This table describes some additional actions that you can perform in the Command Window.
|Action||How to Perform the Action|
|Enter multiple statements on multiple lines before running any of the statements.|
Enter the multiple statements at the command line, pressing Shift+Enter between statements.
This key combination is unnecessary when you
enter a paired keyword statement on multiple lines, such as
|Clear a statement from the command line without executing it.|
Press the Escape (Esc) key.
|Recall previous statements.|
Press the Up arrow ↑ key. The Command History window opens and displays a log of previous statements.
recall a specific statement, type any part of the statement and then
press the Up arrow key. For example, to recall the command
|Clear the Command Window.|
To clear the Command Window without deleting any text,
|Evaluate a statement already in the Command Window.|
Select a statement, right-click, and then select Evaluate Selection.
|Execute only a portion of the code currently at the command line.|
Select the code at the command line and press Enter.
Open the Command Window
The Command Window is always open. To restore the Command Window to the default
location and size, go to the Home tab, and in the
Environment section, click Layout. Then,
select from one of the preconfigured desktop layout options. To bring focus to the
Command Window from another tool such as the Editor, or to make the Command Window
visible if it is minimized, type
In MATLAB Online™, to show the Command Window if it is hidden, click its icon in the sidebar. For example, if the Command Window is in its default location at the bottom of the MATLAB desktop, click the Command Window icon in the bottom sidebar.
Enter Statements in the Command Window
Create variables and call functions in the Command Window.
Create a variable named
a by typing this statement at
the command line. MATLAB adds the variable
a to the workspace and
displays the result in the Command Window.
a = 1
a = 1
Calculate the sine of
a by calling the
sin function without specifying an output variable.
MATLAB uses the variable
ans to store the result
of the calculation.
ans = 0.8415
Create a variable named
b and end the statement with a
semicolon. MATLAB performs the computation but suppresses the display of output
in the Command Window.
b = a + 2;
Enter multiple statements on the same line. Separate the statements by ending each one with a comma or semicolon. Statements that end with a comma display their results, while statements that end with a semicolon do not.
A = magic(5), B = ones(5) * 4.7; C = A./B
A = 17 24 1 8 15 23 5 7 14 16 4 6 13 20 22 10 12 19 21 3 11 18 25 2 9 C = 3.6170 5.1064 0.2128 1.7021 3.1915 4.8936 1.0638 1.4894 2.9787 3.4043 0.8511 1.2766 2.7660 4.2553 4.6809 2.1277 2.5532 4.0426 4.4681 0.6383 2.3404 3.8298 5.3191 0.4255 1.9149
Select the Command Window After Creating a Plot
Create a line plot and then bring focus back to the Command Window.
Create a line plot by typing these statements at the command line. MATLAB creates a figure containing the line plot. Focus moves to the figure.
x = 0:pi/100:2*pi; y = sin(x); plot(x,y)
Bring focus back to the Command Window.
commandwindow selects the MATLAB Command Window. For example, type
in your script or live script after a plotting command to bring focus back to the
commandwindow is not supported when running MATLAB with the
To determine the number of columns and rows that appear in the Command Window in its current size, type
matlab.desktop.commandwindow.sizein the Command Window. MATLAB returns the number of columns and rows, respectively. For example:
ans = 133 24
If the Set matrix display width to eighty columns Command Window preference is selected, the number of columns is 80. For more information, see Set Command Window Preferences.
To display text or the value of a variable in the Command Window, use the
dispfunction. For example, this code creates a variable and displays its value in the Command Window.
A = [15 150]; disp(A)You also can use the
fprintffunction to display text.
Introduced before R2006a