You are given a string of n black and white beads. Your job is to pack them neatly into a square box. "Neatly" in this case means that all the black beads are at the bottom, and all the white beads are at the top.
Half the beads are black, and half are white. The number of beads n will always be an even number perfect square (4, 16, 36, ...). Black beads are 1, and white beads are 0, so a string might look like this.
str = [0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1]
Return a square matrix bx that indexes into str such that
str(bx) = [ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ]
The matrix bx consists of the numbers 1 through n snaking through the box in a 4-connected sense (see Cody Problem 42705, Is It a Snake?).
Here's one solution for the string shown above.
bx = [ 1 8 9 10 2 7 12 11 3 6 13 14 4 5 16 15 ]
In general the answers are not unique. I will be checking that bx contains the numbers 1 through n, that they form a snake, and that when used with the string of beads, they result in a tidy ones-on-the-bottom formation.
I am grateful to the solvers of problem 42705 for giving me nice short code to use in my test suite for this problem!
note: the "is it sneaky?" part of the testsuite is not really a complete test (e.g. the matrix [1 2 3; 4 5 6; 7 8 9] would pass that). Using "complex(I,J)" instead of "I+J" would fix this.
Thanks Alfonso! Advice taken.
You also gave me a new test for "Is it Snaky (42705)" that knocked out the current leader.
Can you clarify: does the partial sequence 1-1-0-1 force a failure? Your diagram doesn't seem to allow diagonal paths, so it seems that a single 0 or 1 causes failure.
Hi Carl: All sequences are generated from successful packings. So you wouldn't get 1-1-0-1 because, as you note, it couldn't be packed successfully. In other words, this situation shouldn't come up.
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