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How can you create event points with continuous data?

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Beck Hunter
Beck Hunter on 24 Jun 2021
Commented: Beck Hunter on 9 Jul 2021
I have made a simpler example to help explain what I am trying to do:-
Lets say you have a time colum vector corresponding to another colum vector y. A plot of this as a graph can be seen in the image attached.
time = [1;2;3;4;5;6;7];
y = [-1;3;4;-2;-3;1;2];
I am trying to work out how I would be able to plot the xline (a vertical line) at the point in which the y-value has been negative for two time steps. I have illustrated this on the graph attached.
Is there a way to do this? I am hoping to apply this logic to more complicated graphs in order to automatically determine events occuring.
I have looked at creating a vector such as below and using the movsum function to try and create an if function for two steps being negative, but I am having trouble getting this to work.
mat = [1;1;1;1;1;1;1];
matsum = movsum(mat,2);
Thank you in advance for any insight!

Accepted Answer

Sean Brennan
Sean Brennan on 24 Jun 2021
Here's a quick method to do this using diff. It's possible to put this all into one compact line, but left it "spread out" here in order to make the steps more clear. Hope this answers your question!
% Use differences to spot change in signs
diff_y = [0; diff(y)];
same_sign_repeated = [0; (diff_y(1:end-1).*diff_y(2:end))>0];
twice_negative = same_sign_repeated.*(y<0);

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