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Simbiology: intratumoral volume

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Kelly P
Kelly P on 20 Apr 2021
Commented: Jeremy Huard on 23 Apr 2021
Hello, I would like to simulate the drug concentration vs time within the tumor after intratumoral delivery. The drug is tagged with a fluorophore and I will use the concentrations coverted from fluorescence data obtained over time as the inputs. This will be a simple one-compartment model with the tumor volume = compartment volume. Because the tumor volume changes over time (V will be measured and calculated), how do I set to normalize dC/dt against the changing volume at each time point?

Answers (1)

Jeremy Huard
Jeremy Huard on 21 Apr 2021
Hi Kelly,
compartments have a 'Constant' property that can be set to false to allow the volume to change during the course of a simulation.
A non-constant compartment can have its volume modified by rules or events. If this volume is defined by a time-dependent algebraic equation, you can use a repeated assignment. If its dynamic is defined by an ODE instead, you can (and must) use a rate rule to define this equation.
Here is an example of a volume defined by a repeated assignment:
m = sbiomodel('m1')
v = addcompartment(m,'v',10,'Constant',false,'Unit','liter')
p = addparameter(m,'p','Unit','liter')
r = addrule(m,'v = 100 * p','repeatedAssignment')
s = addspecies(v,'s',50,'Unit','milligram/liter')
I hope this helps.
Best regards,
Jérémy
  4 Comments
Jeremy Huard
Jeremy Huard on 23 Apr 2021
Hi Kelly,
thanks for the clarification. I have a remark though: if your plan is to simulate different dosing regimens which will affect the tumor growth, your model should contain this dependency somehow. Do you agree?
You could use a simple model for the tumour growth and include a term for the drug effect (reduction of tumour volume). As an example, it could look like this
But this is just an example, there are multiple Tumor Growth Inhibition models described in the literature that could be used.
With this type of equation, the goal would now be to consider V as a measurement and estimate the parameters describing its dynamics.
I hope this helps.
Best,
Jérémy

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