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Create index between values

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Inna Pelloso
Inna Pelloso on 20 Oct 2020
Answered: Inna Pelloso on 21 Oct 2020
Hi,
I have a 5 x 1 array, a = [ 0 1 0 2 0]. (this is a generalization of a larger problem)
I want create and index that fills all the values starting with 1, and ending at the last occurance of the number 2 (that does not have another 1 in between)?
I want to create b = [0 1 1 1 0].
I can do:
b = zeros(1,length(a))
b(strfind(a, [1]):strfind(a, [2])) = 1
That works for that specific case.
But, what if I have a = [ 0 1 0 2 0 2 1]? I want to create b = [0 1 1 1 1 1 0].
Any help woudl be appreciated! Thanks!
Inna

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Accepted Answer

per isakson
per isakson on 20 Oct 2020
Study this
%%
a = [0,1,0,2,0,2,1];
ixb = find( a==1, 1,'first'); % begin
ixe = find( a==2, 1,'last'); % end
%%
b = zeros(size(a));
b(ixb:ixe)=1;
b contains the result
>> b
b =
0 1 1 1 1 1 0

  3 Comments

Inna Pelloso
Inna Pelloso on 20 Oct 2020
Thank you, I didn't know about the 'first' and 'last' option.
What if I have multiple such sequances within a, and want to index them? For example,
a = [0,1,0,2,0,2,1,0,1,0, 2 ],
and I want
b = [0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1,1]
per isakson
per isakson on 21 Oct 2020
"the 'first' and 'last'" using Matlab includes a lot of searching and reading of the documentation.
per isakson
per isakson on 21 Oct 2020
%%
a = [0,1,0,2,0,2,1,0,1,0,2];
chr = sprintf('%d',a);
[ix1,ix2] = regexp( chr, '1[^1]+2', 'start', 'end' );
%%
b = zeros(size(a));
for jj = 1 : numel(ix1)
b(ix1(jj):ix2(jj)) = 1;
end
and inspect b
>> b
b =
0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
^
I think there is a mistake in your value of b ; a missing zero.
regexp() requires more than searching and reading the documentation.

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More Answers (1)

Inna Pelloso
Inna Pelloso on 21 Oct 2020
Thank you! Really appreciate it.

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