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curve fitting of non linear data for strain-time of creep experiment

Asked by aditya palawat on 3 Jun 2019
Latest activity Commented on by aditya palawat on 11 Jun 2019
Hi, i have data from my experiments and i want to plot the strain-time curve with it and then identify the most linear part (it will be the steady state part in the middle) of it so that i can calculate the slope of this part to get the steady state creep rate. I am attaching the data(1), fitting equation(ε=θ1(1−exp(−θ2t))+θ3(exp(θ4t)−1)):(t=time,e=strain) and an example of how the curve looks like. I tried polynomial fit and then drawing a slope at the inflection point but it doe not give me a consistent result.
Also, the data2 is from such an experiment which was interrupted due to unknown reason and the data shows jump in strain during the last duration of experiment, so is there a way to extrapolate the data upto 0.01 strain?(i have to later iuse these two data and find an average plot which i can interpolate later).
Please help me, i have been stuck at this for quite some time and i have to use these plots for my thesis submission scheduled next month.
Appreciate your input and thanks in advance.

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1 Answer

Answer by David Wilson on 4 Jun 2019
 Accepted Answer

Here's my attempt:
load data1
t = time;
e = strain;
plot(t,e)
%% Now try curve fit
creep = @(p, t) p(1)*(1-exp(-p(2)*t)) + p(3)*(exp(p(4)*t)-1);
p0 = [1e-3,0.2,1e-3,0.06]'; % initial guess
pfit = lsqcurvefit(creep, p0, t,e);
ti = linspace(0,45)';
plot(t,e,ti, creep(pfit, ti),'r--')
ylim([0 0.02])
xlabel('time'); ylabel('strain, \epsilon')
Now you want the slope in the middle, say at tcenter = 25.
%% Now compute gradient
grad = @(p,t) p(1)*p(2)*exp(-p(2)*t) + p(3)*p(4)*exp(p(4)*t)
s = grad(pfit,25);
hold on
tc = 25; dt = 10;
y1 = creep(pfit,tc);
y2 = y1+dt*s;
plot([tc-dt, tc+dt], [y1-dt*s, y2],'-')
hold off
title(sprintf('slope = %2.2g',s))
This gives you something like:
tmp.png
For your other data, there are a few problems, so your milage will vary. Running the above code on your 2nd data set gives (with tcenter = 15):
tmp.png

  2 Comments

Thanks a lot David, the first part is exactly what i needed! However, for the second part i need the most linear part of the curve and not a tangent at the centre but it gives me a starting point as the code is very helpful. thanks again, cheers!
Hi david, i have a question for if you may please allow it some of your time. i have come across another equation in the literature which fits my data better:creep = @(p, t) p(1)*(1-exp(-p(2)*t)) + p(3)*(1-exp(p(4)*t))+p(5)*(1-exp(p(6)*t)).
i just want to know how did you identify the initial guess and if there is a way to make a smart guess as you did since my data varies quiet a lot and i have to make time consuming guesses every time. it will be great help to me, thanks again.

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