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use FFT in matlab and get phase plot

i have some polymers characterized by transmission terahertz time domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS).
ive now the time domain data in Excel, with column A being (Delay ps), column B (Reference), column C (Amplitube nA) as follows.
i would like to have "FFT phase of column C" minus "FFT phase of column B", and then plot the phase (after deduction) as a function of frequency.
i am told this could be done by adding
plot(freq,angle(fft(X(:,3)))-angle(fft(X(:,2))))
after
[X,TXT,RAW] = xlsread('yourfile.xls');
xdft = fft(X(:,2)); xdft = fft(X(:,2));
% sampling interval -- assuming equal sampling
DT = X(2,1)-X(1,1);
% sampling frequency
Fs = 1/DT;
DF = Fs/size(X,1);
freq = 0:DF:Fs/2;
xdft = xdft(1:length(xdft)/2+1); phi = angle(xdft);
anyway it does not work
the command window shows
??? Error using ==> plot Vectors must be the same lengths.
Error in ==> Untitled at 12 plot(freq,angle(fft(X(:,3)))-angle(fft(X(:,2))))

  2 Comments

Not knowing your data size/shape, I can only offer some suggestions on what to look at. Instead of your plot() command, make a new variable:
PhaseDifference = angle(fft(X(:,3)))-angle(fft(X(:,2)));
Then look at its size compared to the size of freq:
size(PhaseDifference)
size(freq)
It looks like (from the error) that they are different. You'll need to figure out how to fix this so that you can successfully plot them.
thank you Michael Quinn, but i am not familiar with this. anway thx again.

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1 Answer

Answer by Dr. Seis
on 14 Aug 2012
Edited by Dr. Seis
on 14 Aug 2012
 Accepted Answer

Here are the frequencies associated with the output from FFT:
Nt = % Number of time samples
Fs = % sample frequency (= 1/dt)
df = Fs/Nt; % frequency increment
Nyq = Fs/2; % Nyquist frequency
if mod(Nt,2) == 0 % Nt is even
freq = ifftshift(-Nyq : df : Nyq-df);
else % Nt is odd
freq = ifftshift([sort(-1*(df:df:Nyq)) (0:df:Nyq)]);
end
Then you can just do a xlim on the plot to zoom in on a specific frequency range.

  1 Comment

really thx a lot. these are the background info and the related questions on them.

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