Asked by GA
on 19 Apr 2019

I need to calculate the cumulative rainfall of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 days and extract the annual maximum of each year (after accumulation). I have historical series of precipitation with a great amount of years organized as follows: day, month, year, precipitation [mm], each in a column. I tried using the code below but it did not work.

%% Import Precipitation Data

RainMatrix = importdata ('data.txt');

% Identifies the first and last year of the series

First_Year = RainMatrix(1,3);

Last_Year = RainMatrix(end,3);

% Measuring the Data Series Size;

T = length(unique(RainMatrix(:,3)));

P = 2; % Time Step, P = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 days

k = 1; % Counter

for ii = 1 : (T-1)

Year = find(RainMatrix(:,3) == First_Year); % Identifies the year

RainMatrix = RainMatrix(Year(:,1),:); % Cut the year

n = length(RainMatrix); % Dimension of Cut Out Data

for i = P : P : n

Rainfall(k,1) = sum(RainMatrix(i-P+1:i,4)); % Cumulative rainfall of "P" days

k = k+1;

[x, y] = ismember(max(Rainfall(:,1)),Rainfall(:,1)); % Find the Maximum Value of the Series

MaxAnual(ii,1) = Rainfall(y);

end

First_Year = First_Year + 1;

Rainfall = [];

end

Answer by David Wilson
on 20 Apr 2019

Accepted Answer

Here is my solution:

I notice that you've got few NaNs for about a year and a half. Your last year is also incomplete.

I isolated each year, and then reshaped the data in blocks of 1,2, ... 7. I dropped a few days at the end of the year if they were not exact multiples. I then summed the cols, and then took the max and stored it in an array.

%% Import Precipitation Data

RainMatrix = importdata('data.txt');

% Identifies the first and last year of the series

yr = RainMatrix(:,3); % years

yr1 = yr(1); yr_end = yr(end);

Raincum = NaN(yr_end-yr1+1,7); % placeholder

k=0;

for i=yr1:yr_end % scan each year

k=k+1;

idx = find(yr == i);

yri = yr(idx); r = RainMatrix(idx,4); nr = length(r);

length(yri); % check should be 365 or 366 for full years

Raincum(k,1) = max(r);

for j=2:7

rv = r(1:nr - mod(nr,j));

r2 = reshape(rv,j,length(rv)/j);

r2 = sum(r2);

Raincum(k,j) = max(r2);

end

end

%%

yrs = [yr1:yr_end]';

plot(yrs,Raincum)

legend('1','2','3','4','5','6','7')

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## 4 Comments

## darova (view profile)

Direct link to this comment:https://de.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/457448-how-to-calculate-the-accumulated-rainfall-value-of-1-2-3-4-5-6-and-7-days#comment_696068

## Walter Roberson (view profile)

Direct link to this comment:https://de.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/457448-how-to-calculate-the-accumulated-rainfall-value-of-1-2-3-4-5-6-and-7-days#comment_696077

## GA (view profile)

Direct link to this comment:https://de.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/457448-how-to-calculate-the-accumulated-rainfall-value-of-1-2-3-4-5-6-and-7-days#comment_696078

## GA (view profile)

Direct link to this comment:https://de.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/457448-how-to-calculate-the-accumulated-rainfall-value-of-1-2-3-4-5-6-and-7-days#comment_696080

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