Benjamin, according to the license agreement (R2017b):
2.3. Student [license use]
(i) Student Licenses may be licensed by students enrolled in degree-granting educational institutions, or primary and secondary schools, or those participating in a continuing education program at a degree-granting educational institution. A Licensee may use the Programs only on a single physical (not virtual) Computer owned or leased by the student.
You can find the license agreement ( license_agreement.txt ) in the root MATLAB directory
C:\Program Files\MATLAB\<release> (Windows)
/Applications/MATLAB_<release>.app (Mac, right click and "show package contents" to open)
However... please check if you have have access to a Total Academic Headcount license through your university.