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How do I solve a second order non linear differential equation using matlab.

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Patrick Guarente
Patrick Guarente on 25 Sep 2017
Answered: Teja Muppirala on 26 Sep 2017
I have a fluid dynamics problem and I need to derive an equation for motion.
After applying Newtons second law to the system, and replaceing all the constants with A and B. My equation looks like this.
z'' + A(z')^2 = B
With A and B both being constants.
Initial conditions being that z(0)=0, and z'(0)=0
And I need to solve for z(t).
Thank you
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Answers (3)

Teja Muppirala
Teja Muppirala on 26 Sep 2017
syms z(t) t A B
zp = diff(z,t);
zpp = diff(z,t,2);
eqn = ( zpp + A*zp^2 == B );
cond = [z(0)==0, zp(0)==0];
zSol = dsolve(eqn,cond,'IgnoreAnalyticConstraints',true);
zSol = unique(simplify(zSol));
This gives 3 solutions:
zSol =
log((C15*sinh(A^(1/2)*B^(1/2)*(t + A*B^(1/2)*1i)))/B^(1/2))/A
log(-(C18*sinh(A^(3/2)*B*1i - A^(1/2)*B^(1/2)*t))/B^(1/2))/A
log(cosh(A^(1/2)*B^(1/2)*t))/A
The first two look weird, but are valid solutions involving complex-valued z. The 3rd solution is real, and that's probably the one that you are looking for.

James Tursa
James Tursa on 25 Sep 2017
Edited: James Tursa on 25 Sep 2017
Define a 2-element vector y:
y(1) = z
y(2) = z'
then solve your 2nd order ODE for the highest derivative:
z'' + A(z')^2 = B ==>
z'' = - A(z')^2 + B
then calculate the y element derivative equations, using this z derivative info:
d y(1) = d z = z' = y(2)
d y(2) = d z' = z'' = -A(z')^2 + B = -A*y(2) + B
So create a derivative function based on those two equations, using the function signature that you will find in the ode45 doc. Then call it using the outline provided in the example in the doc.
EDIT: SYMBOLIC SOLUTION
>> dsolve('D2z + A*(Dz)^2 = B')
ans =
C29 + (B^(1/2)*t)/A^(1/2)
C27 - (B^(1/2)*t)/A^(1/2)
log((exp(2*A^(3/2)*B^(1/2)*(C24 + t/A)) - 1)/(2*B^(1/2)*exp(A*(C16 + A^(1/2)*B^(1/2)*(C24 + t/A)))))/A
log((exp(2*A^(3/2)*B^(1/2)*(C20 - t/A)) - 1)/(2*B^(1/2)*exp(A*(C16 + A^(1/2)*B^(1/2)*(C20 - t/A)))))/A

Torsten
Torsten on 26 Sep 2017
According to MATHEMATICA, the analytical solution is
z(x) = log(cosh(sqrt(A*B)*x))/A
Best wishes
Torsten.

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