# How to access only the first element of the variables in a structure array as a vector?

33 Ansichten (letzte 30 Tage)
Darcy Cordell am 17 Mai 2023
Kommentiert: Paul am 23 Mai 2023
Not sure I worded this question correctly, but I will try to explain.
I have a (1 x N) structure array (S) which contains the field "Location" like this:
%Pretend N = 3:
S(1).Location = [1 4];
S(2).Location = [4 15];
S(3).Location = [3 7];
I want to get a vector of the first entry of each "Location" variable, like this:
Location_1_Vector = [1 4 3]
Is there an efficient way to do this in one line without producing an intermediate variable?
The following do not work:
Location_1_Vector = [S(:).Location]; %Concatenates the Location variables together into [1 4 4 15 3 7]
Location_1_Vector = [S(:).Location(1)]; %Error: intermediate dot indexing produced comma separated ...
Of course, I can do it like this:
Location = reshape([S(:).Location],2,length(S));
Location_1_Vector = Location(1,:);
But I would prefer to avoid creating an intermediate "Location" variable with the additional clunkiness of "reshape".
Any help is appreciated.
##### 0 Kommentare-2 ältere Kommentare anzeigen-2 ältere Kommentare ausblenden

Melden Sie sich an, um zu kommentieren.

### Akzeptierte Antwort

Paul am 17 Mai 2023
One option
S(1).Location = [1 4];
S(2).Location = [4 15];
S(3).Location = [3 7];
L = arrayfun(@(S) S.Location(1),S)
L = 1×3
1 4 3
##### 1 Kommentar-1 ältere Kommentare anzeigen-1 ältere Kommentare ausblenden
Paul am 23 Mai 2023
Just realized the Question also asked for an efficient solution. arrayfun is one line and does not produce an intermediate variable, but not necessarily the most effiicient, at least in terms of run time.
S(1).Location = [1 4];
S(2).Location = [4 15];
S(3).Location = [3 7];
S = repmat(S,1,1000);
isequal(test1(S),test2(S),test3(S))
ans = logical
1
timeit(@() test1(S))
ans = 0.0058
timeit(@() test2(S))
ans = 1.2132e-04
timeit(@() test3(S))
ans = 7.1075e-04
function L = test1(S)
L = arrayfun(@(S) S.Location(1),S);
end
function L = test2(S)
Location = reshape([S(:).Location],2,length(S));
L = Location(1,:);
end
function L = test3(S)
L = nan(1,numel(S));
for ii = 1:numel(S)
L(ii) = S(ii).Location(1);
end
end

Melden Sie sich an, um zu kommentieren.

### Kategorien

Mehr zu Matrix Indexing finden Sie in Help Center und File Exchange

### Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Translated by