Create and manage task executions in Simulink model
SoC Blockset / Processor Task Execution
The Task Manager block simulates the execution of software tasks as they would be expected to behave on an SoC processor. With the Task Manager, you can add and remove tasks from your model that can either be timer-driven or event-driven. Tasks can be represented in a model as rates, for timer-driven tasks, or function-call subsystems, for event-driven tasks, contained inside a single Model block. The Task Manager executes individual tasks based on their parameters, such as period, duration, trigger, priority, or processor core, and the combination of that task with the state of other tasks and their priorities in the running model.
The Task Manager block cannot be used in a referenced model. For more information on referenced models, see Model block.
The Task Manager block provides three methods to specify the duration of a task in simulation:
A probability model of task duration defined in the block mask.
From a data file recording of either a previous task simulation or from a task on an SoC device.
Input ports on the block, which you can connect to more dynamic models of task duration.
A model containing a Task Manager blocks does not support simulation stepping. For more information on simulation stepping, see Simulation Stepper (Simulink).
— Function-call from Task1
A function-call signal that can trigger timer-driven and event-driven tasks, represented as rate or function-call subsystems in the processor Model block, respectively.
For a rate port from a timer-driven subsystem, to show on the Model block, set the Block Parameters > Main > Schedule rates and select ports. For a function-call port from an event-driven subsystem contained in a Function-Call Subsystem block to show on the Model block, include an Inport in the processor Model block connected to the function-call trigger port of the subsystem. In the Inport, check Block Parameters > Signal Attributes > Output function call.
Task1 port must be connected to either a
function-call port or scheduled rate signal port on a
To create or remove a control signal port for a task, add or remove the task from the Task Manager block by clicking the Add or Delete buttons in the block dialog mask.
— Message event notification
A message port that triggers the associated event-driven task. The
Task1Event port receives the message from
either a Memory
Channel block or IO Data
Source block. For more information on messages, see Messages (Simulink).
To show a
have Type set to
— Task duration
A positive value signal that specifies the execution duration of a task at the present time. For more information on specifying task duration, see Task Duration.
To enable this port, set the Specify task duration
via parameter to
Enable task simulation— Enable simulation of task duration
Enable or disable the simulation of task duration. If you clear this parameter, tasks simulate using a function-call generator inheriting their period from the fundamental sample time of the model for event-driven tasks or from the dialog for timer-driven tasks.
List of tasks— List of tasks
List of the tasks generated by the Task Manager block. Each task has a set of parameters listed in the Main and Simulation tabs of the block dialog mask.
Add— Add task
Add a task to the Task Manager block. During deployment, each task is encapsulated as an execution thread in the generated code. The properties of the thread are taken from the Main parameters for that task. During simulation, the task uses a combination of the Main and Simulation parameters for that task.
Delete— Delete existing task
Remove a task from the Task Manager.
To enable this parameter, specify at least two tasks.
Name— Name of task
Task1(default) | character vector
Unique name of the task. The task name must only contain alphanumeric characters and underscores.
Period— Timer period
0.1(default) | positive scalar
Specify the trigger time period for timer-driven tasks.
Core— Processor core to execute task
0(default) | non-negative integer
Specify the number of the processor core where a task executes. For more information on selecting cores and core execution visualizations, see Multicore Execution and Core Visualization.
Priority— Priority of task in scheduler
10(default) | positive integer
Specify the schedulers priority for the event-driven task between
99. Higher priority
tasks can preempt lower priority tasks, and vice versa. The task
priority range is limited by the hardware attributes. For more
information on task priority, see Task Priority and Preemption.
To enable this parameter, set
Drop tasks that overrun— Drop tasks that overrun
Select this parameter to force tasks to drop, rather than catch up, following an overrun instance. For more information on task overruns, see Task Overruns and Countermeasures.
No more than 2 instances of a task can overrun execution when
Drop tasks that overrun is set to
off. Any additional task instances that
overrun drop automatically.
Play recorded task execution sequence— Enable playback from file
Select this parameter for the Task Manager block to play back the recorded execution data provided from the specified File name parameter. For more information on replaying task execution, see Task Execution Playback Using Recorded Data.
Specify task duration via— Source of task execution time
Record task execution statistics
Specify the source of the timing information for the task execution.
Dialog - Use a normally distributed
probabilistic model with Mean,
and Max defined in the block dialog
Input port – When set from Input port, the block input port
dynamically defines the execution duration.
Record task execution statistics – Use a
normally distributed probabilistic model with mean and deviation
provided in file specified by File
For more information on configuring task duration, see Task Duration.
Add— Adds distribution
Adds a distribution to the set of normal distributions that generates an execution duration. For more information on configuring task duration, see Task Duration.
Only a maximum five distributions can be assigned to a single task.
Delete— Remove distribution
Remove a distribution from the set of normal distributions.
Percent— Likelihood of distribution
100(default) | positive scalar
Specify the likelihood of each normal distribution. The Percent weighted sum of normal distributions determines the task duration likelihood. For more information on configuring task duration, see Task Duration.
The sum of Percent for all the distributions
in a single task must equal
Mean— Mean task duration in simulation
1e-06(default) | positive scalar
Specify the mean duration of the task during simulation of the task. The simulated task duration uses a normal distribution with a specified Mean and SD parameter values as a first-order approximation of the task behavior. For more information on configuring task duration, see Task Duration.
SD— Standard deviation of task duration in simulation
0(default) | positive scalar
Specify the standard deviation duration of the task during simulation of the task. The simulated task duration uses a normal distribution with a specified Mean and SD as a first-order approximation of the task behavior. For more information on configuring task duration, see Task Duration.
Min— Lower limit of task duration
1e-06(default) | positive scalar
Lower limit of a task duration distribution. For more information on configuring task duration, see Task Duration.
Max— Upper limit of task duration
1e-06(default) | positive scalar
Upper limit of a task duration distribution. For more information on configuring task duration, see Task Duration.
File name— File containing diagnostic scheduling data
The data in this file specifies the Mean and SD parameter values. When the Play recorded task execution sequence parameter is selected, the specified CSV file provides the explicit task execution timing. The CSV file contains the diagnostic data of the task scheduler previously recorded from the hardware board. For more information on configuring task duration, see Task Duration.
To enable this parameter, set the Specify task duration
via parameter to
Recorded task execution
To automatically generate C code for your design, and execute on an SoC device, use the SoC Builder tool. See Generate SoC Design. You must have an Embedded Coder® license to generate and execute C code for your SoC device.
The tasks in the Task Manager block execute as threads in the generated code. The task parameters in the Task Manager block specify the priority and execution core of the thread.