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Simulink Design Verifier Reports

Simulink Design Verifier Report Generation

After an analysis, Simulink® Design Verifier™ can generate an HTML report that contains detailed information about the analysis results.

The analysis report contains hyperlinks that allow you to:

  • Navigate to a specific part of the report

  • Navigate to the object in your Simulink model for which the analysis recorded results

You can also generate an additional PDF version of the Simulink Design Verifier report.

Create Analysis Reports

To create a detailed analysis report before or after the analysis, do one of the following:

  • Before the analysis, in the Configuration Parameters dialog box, on the Design Verifier > Report pane, select Generate report of the results. If you want to save an additional PDF version of the Simulink Design Verifier report, select Generate additional report in PDF format.

  • After the analysis, in the Simulink Design Verifier log window, you can choose HTML or PDF format and Generate detailed analysis report.

Front Matter

The report begins with two sections:

Title

The title section lists the following information:

  • Model or subsystem name Simulink Design Verifier analyzed

  • User name associated with the current MATLAB® session

  • Date and time that Simulink Design Verifier generated the report

Table of Contents

The table of contents follows the title section. Clicking items in the table of contents allows you to navigate quickly to particular chapters in the report.

Summary Chapter

The Summary chapter of the report lists the following information:

  • Name of the model

  • MATLAB release in which the analysis was performed

  • Checksum value that represents the state of the model analyzed

  • Analysis mode

  • Model Representation

  • Test generation target (applicable for test case generation analysis)

  • Analysis status

  • Preprocessing time

  • Analysis time

  • Status of objectives analyzed. This includes the percentage number for each status

Analysis Information Chapter

The Analysis Information chapter of the report includes the following sections:

Model Information

The Model Information section provides the following information about the current version of the model:

  • Path and file name of the model that Simulink Design Verifier analyzed

  • Model version

  • Date and time that the model was last saved

  • Name of the person who last saved the model

Analysis Options

The Analysis Options section provides information about the Simulink Design Verifier analysis settings.

The Analysis Options section lists the parameters that affected the Simulink Design Verifier analysis. If you enabled coverage filtering, the name of the filter file is included in this section.

Note

For more information about these parameters, see Simulink Design Verifier Options.

Unsupported Blocks

If your model includes unsupported blocks, by default, automatic stubbing is enabled to allow the analysis to proceed. With automatic stubbing enabled, the software considers only the interface of the unsupported blocks, not their actual behavior. This technique allows the software to complete the analysis. However, the analysis may achieve only partial results if any of the unsupported model blocks affect the simulation outcome.

The Unsupported Blocks section appears only if the analysis stubbed unsupported blocks; it lists the unsupported blocks in a table, with a hyperlink to each block in the model.

For more information about automatic stubbing, see Handle Incompatibilities with Automatic Stubbing.

User Artifacts

The User Artifacts section provides information about test data and coverage data in the Simulink Design Verifier analysis.

Constraints

The Constraints section provides information about test conditions that Simulink Design Verifier applied when it analyzed a model.

You can navigate to the constraint in your model by clicking the hyperlink in the Constraints table. The software highlights the corresponding Test Condition block in your model window and opens a new window showing the block in detail.

Block Replacements Summary

The Block Replacements Summary provides an overview of the block replacements that Simulink Design Verifier executed. It appears only if Simulink Design Verifier replaced blocks in a model.

Each row of the table corresponds to a particular block replacement rule that Simulink Design Verifier applied to the model. The table lists the following:

  • Name of the file that contains the block replacement rule and the value of the BlockType parameter the rule specifies

  • Description of the rule that the MaskDescription parameter of the replacement block specifies

  • Names of blocks that Simulink Design Verifier replaced in the model

To locate a particular block replacement in your model, click on the name for that replacement in the Replaced Blocks column of the table; the software highlights the affected block in your model window and opens a new window that displays the block in detail.

Approximations

Each row of the Approximations table describes a specific type of approximation that Simulink Design Verifier used during its analysis of the model.

Note

Review the analysis results carefully when the software uses approximations. In rare cases, an approximation may result in test cases that fail to achieve test objectives or counterexamples that fail to falsify proof objectives. For example, a floating-point round-off error might prevent a signal from exceeding a designated threshold value.

Derived Ranges Chapter

In a design error detection analysis, the analysis calculates the derived ranges of the signal values for the Outports for each block in the model. This information can help you identify the source of data overflow or division-by-zero errors.

The table in the Derived Ranges chapter of the analysis report lists these bounds.

If an Observer Reference block is used in the design error detection analysis, then this section will show the observer information in a Observer Model (s) subsection and design model information in Design Model subsection.

The table in the Design Model subsection shows the list of each derived range in the sldvdemo_debounce_validprop example model.

The Observer model(s) section will not show derived ranges reported as the observers are ignored for design error detection analysis.

Objectives Status Chapters

This section of the report provides information about all the objectives in a model, including the type of the objective, the model item that corresponds to the type, and objective description.

The software identifies the presence of approximations and reports them at the level of each objective status. For more information, see Reporting Approximations Through Validation Results. This table summarizes the objective status for Simulink Design Verifier analysis modes.

Design Error Detection Objectives Status

If you run a design error detection analysis, the Design Error Detection Objectives Status section can include the following objective statuses:

If an Observer Reference block is used in the design error detection analysis, then this section will show the observer information in Observer Model(s) subsection and design model information in Design Model subsection. This section will be empty when there are no active logic present in the model.

The table in the Design model subsection shows the list of active logic in the sldvdemo_debounce_validprop example model.

The Observer model(s) section will not show any active logic reported as the observers are ignored for design error detection analysis.

Dead Logic.  The Dead Logic section lists the items for which the analysis found dead logic.

This image shows the Dead Logic section of the generated analysis report for the sldvdemo_fuelsys_logic_simple model.

Dead Logic under Approximation.  The Dead Logic under Approximation section lists the model items for which the analysis found dead logic under the impact of approximation.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Dead Logic.

This image shows the Dead Logic under Approximation section of the generated analysis report.

Active Logic - Needs Simulation.  The Active Logic - Needs Simulation section lists the model items for which the analysis found active logic. To confirm the active logic status, you must run additional simulations of test cases.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Active Logic.

This image shows a portion of the Active Logic - Needs Simulation section of the generated analysis report for the sldvdemo_fuelsys_logic_simple model.

Objectives Valid.  The Objectives Valid section lists the design error detection objectives that the analysis found valid. For these objectives, the analysis determined that the described design errors cannot occur.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Proven Valid.

This image shows the Objectives Valid section of the generated analysis report for the sldvdemo_design_error_detection model.

Objectives Valid under Approximation.  The Objectives Valid under Approximation section lists the design error detection objectives that the analysis found valid under the impact of approximation.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Proven Valid.

This image shows the Objectives Valid under Approximation section of the generated analysis report.

Objectives Falsified - Needs Simulation.  The Objectives Falsified - Needs Simulation section lists the design error detection objectives for which the analysis found test cases that demonstrate design errors. To confirm the falsified status, you must run additional simulations of test cases.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Falsified.

This image shows the Objectives Falsified - Needs Simulation section of the generated analysis report for the sldvdemo_design_error_detection model.

Test Objectives Status

If you run a test case generation analysis, the Test Objectives Status section can include the following objective statuses:

When you analyze a model with Model coverage objectives set to Enhanced MCDC, the software reports the detection status of model items. For more information, see Enhanced MCDC Coverage in Simulink Design Verifier.

If an Observer Reference block is used in the test case generation analysis, then each test objective status section will show the observer information in Observer Model(s) sub-section an design model information in Design Model subsection. These subsections will be empty if no test objective found in the model.

The table shows a part of Objectives Satisfied test objectives for the design mode in the sldvdemo_debounce_testobjblks example model.

The table shows a part of Objectives Satisfied test objectives for observer model in the sldvdemo_debounce_testobjblks example model.

Objectives Satisfied.  The Objectives Satisfied section lists the test objectives that the analysis satisfied. The generated test cases cover the objectives.

This image shows a portion of the Objectives Satisfied section of the generated analysis report for the sldvdemo_fuelsys_logic_simple example model.

Objectives Satisfied - Needs Simulation.  The Objectives Satisfied - Needs Simulation section lists the test objectives that the analysis satisfied. To confirm the satisfied status, you must run additional simulations of test cases.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Satisfied.

This image shows the Objectives Satisfied - Needs Simulation section of the generated analysis report.

Objectives Unsatisfiable.  The Objectives Unsatisfiable section lists the test objectives that the analysis determined could not be satisfied.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Proven Unsatisfiable.

This image shows the Objectives Unsatisfiable section of the generated analysis report for the sldvdemo_fuelsys_logic_simple example model.

Objectives Unsatisfiable under Approximation.  The Objectives Unsatisfiable under Approximation section lists the test objectives that the analysis determined could not be satisfied due to approximation during analysis.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Proven Unsatisfiable.

This image shows the Objectives Unsatisfiable under Approximation section of the generated analysis report.

Objectives Undecided with Testcases.  The Objectives Undecided with Testcases section lists the test objectives that are undecided due to the impact of approximation during analysis.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Satisfied.

This image shows the Objectives Undecided with Testcases section of the generated analysis report for the sldvApproximationsExample example model.

Proof Objectives Status

If you run a property-proving analysis, the Proof Objectives Status section can include:

If an Observer Reference block is used in the property-proving analysis, then each proof objective status section will show the observer information in Observer Model(s) subsection and design model information in Design Model subsection. These subsections will be empty when no objective is found in the model.

The table shows Objectives Valid proof objectives for the Observer model in the sldvdemo_debounce_validprop example model.

Objectives Valid.  The Objectives Valid section lists the proof objectives that the analysis found valid.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Proven Valid.

This image shows the Objectives Valid section of the generated analysis report for the sldvdemo_debounce_validprop example model.

Objectives Valid under Approximation.  The Objectives Valid under Approximation section lists the proof objectives that the analysis found valid under the impact of approximation.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Objectives Proven Valid.

This image shows the Objectives Valid under Approximation section of the generated analysis report.

Objectives Falsified with Counterexamples.  The Objectives Falsified with Counterexamples section lists the proof objectives that the analysis disproved. The generated counterexample shows the violation of the proof objective.

This image shows the Objectives Falsified with Counterexamples section of the generated analysis report for the sldvdemo_debounce_falseprop example model.

Objectives Falsified - Needs Simulation.  The Objectives Falsified - Needs Simulation section lists the proof objectives that the analysis disproved. To confirm the falsified status, you must run additional simulations of counterexamples.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Objectives Falsified with Counterexamples.

This image shows the Objectives Falsified - Needs Simulation section of the generated analysis report.

Objectives Undecided with Counterexamples.  The Objectives Undecided with Counterexamples section lists the proof objectives undecided due to the impact of approximation during analysis.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Falsified.

This image shows the Objectives Undecided with Counterexamples section of the generated analysis report.

Objectives Undecided due to Runtime Error

For proof objectives and test objectives, the Objectives Undecided due to Runtime Error section lists the undecided objectives during analysis due to a run-time error. The run-time error occurred during simulation of a test case or counterexample.

In releases before R2017b, this section can include objectives that were marked as Falsified or Satisfied.

This image shows the Objectives Undecided due to Runtime Error section of the generated analysis report.

Objectives Undecided Due to Division by Zero

For all types of objectives, the Objectives Undecided Due to Division by Zero section lists the undecided objectives during analysis due to division-by-zero errors in the associated model items. To detect division-by-zero errors before running further analysis on your model, follow the procedure in Detect Integer Overflow and Division-by-Zero Errors.

Objectives Undecided Due to Nonlinearities

For all types of objectives, the Objectives Undecided Due to Nonlinearities section lists the undecided objectives during analysis due to required computation of nonlinear arithmetic. Simulink Design Verifier does not support nonlinear arithmetic or nonlinear logic.

Objectives Undecided Due to Stubbing

For all types of objectives, the Objectives Undecided Due to Stubbing section lists model items with undecided objectives during analysis due to stubbing. In releases before R2013b, these objectives can include objectives that were marked as Objectives Satisfied – No Test Case or Objectives Falsified – No Counterexample.

Objectives Undecided Due to Array Out of Bounds

For all types of objectives, the Objectives Undecided Due to Array Out of Bounds section lists the undecided objectives during analysis due to array out of bounds errors in the associated model items. To detect out of bounds array errors in your model, see Detect Out of Bound Array Access Errors.

Objectives Undecided

For all types of objectives, the Objectives Undecided section lists the objectives for which the analysis was unable to determine an outcome in the allotted time.

In this property-proving example, either the software exceeded its analysis time limit (which the Maximum analysis time parameter specifies) or you aborted the analysis before it completed processing these objectives.

Model Items Chapter

The Model Items chapter of the report includes a table for each object in the model that defines coverage objectives. The table for a particular object lists all of the associated objectives, the objective types, objective descriptions, and the status of each objective at the end of the analysis.

The table for an individual object in the model looks similar to this one for the Discrete-Time Integrator in the PI Controller subsystem of the sldvdemo_cruise_control example model.

To highlight a given object in your model, click View at the upper-left corner of the table; the software opens a new window that displays the object in detail. To view the details of the test case that was applied to a specific objective, click the test case number in the last column of the table.

If an Observer Reference block is used in the property-proving analysis, then each model item section will show the observer information in Observer Model(s) subsection an design model information in Design Model subsection. These subsections will be empty if no test objective found in the model.

The table shows one of the test objectives for the design model in the sldvdemo_debounce_testobjblks example model.

The table shows one of the test objectives for the observer model in the sldvdemo_debounce_testobjblks example model.

Design Errors Chapter

If you perform design error detection analysis and the analysis detects design errors in the model, the report includes a Design Errors chapter. This chapter summarizes the design errors that the analysis falsified:

Table of Contents

The Design Errors chapter contains a table of contents. Each item in the table of contents is a hyperlink to results about a specific design error.

Summary

The Summary section lists:

  • The model item

  • The type of design error that was detected (overflow or division by zero)

  • The status of the analysis (Falsified or Proven Valid)

In the following example, the software analyzed the sldvdemo_debounce_falseprop model to detect design errors. The analysis detected an overflow error in the Sum block in the Verification Subsystem named Verify True Output.

Test Case

The Test Case section lists the time step and corresponding time at which the test case falsified the design error objective. The Inport block raw had a value of 255, which caused the overflow error.

Test Cases Chapter

If you run a test generation analysis, the report includes a Test Cases chapter. This chapter includes sections that summarize the test cases the analysis generated:

Table of Contents

The Test Cases chapter contains a table of contents. Each item in the table of contents is a hyperlink to information about a specific test case.

Summary

The Summary section lists:

  • Length of the signals that comprise the test case

  • Total number of test objectives that the test case achieves

Objectives

The Objectives section lists:

  • The time step at which the test case achieves that objective.

  • The time at which the test case achieves that objective.

  • A link to the model item associated with that objective. Clicking the link highlights the model item in the Simulink Editor.

  • The objective that was achieved with a link to navigate between the Test Objectives Status and Test Cases chapters.

Generated Input Data

For each input signal associated with the model item, the Generated Input Data section lists the time step and corresponding time at which the test case achieves particular test objectives. If the signal value does not change over those time steps, the table lists the time step and time as ranges.

Note

The Generated Input Data table displays a dash (–) instead of a number as a signal value when the value of the signal at that time step does not affect the test objective. In the harness model, the Inputs block represents these values with zeros unless you enable the Randomize data that does not affect outcome parameter (see Randomize data that do not affect the outcome).

Expected Output

If you select the Include expected output values on the Design Verifier > Results pane of the Configuration Parameters dialog box, the report includes the Expected Output section for each test case. For each output signal associated with the model item, this table lists the expected output value at each time step.

Combined Objectives

If you set the Test suite optimization option to CombinedObjectives (the default), the Test Cases chapter may include individual information about many test cases.

Long Test Cases

If you set the Test suite optimization option to LongTestcases, the Test Cases chapter in the report includes fewer sections about longer test cases.

Properties Chapter

If you run a property-proving analysis, the report includes a Properties chapter. This chapter includes sections that summarize the proof objectives and any counterexamples the software generated:

Table of Contents

The Properties chapter contains a table of contents. Each item in the table of contents is a hyperlink to information about a specific property that was falsified.

If an Observer Reference block is used in the property-proving analysis, then each properties chapter will show the observer information in Observer Model(s) subsection an design model information in Design Model subsection. It will be empty when there are no properties in the model.

The table shows one of the properties for the observer model in the sldvdemo_debounce_validprop example model.

Summary

The Summary section lists:

  • The model item that the software analyzed

  • The type of property that was evaluated

  • The status of the analysis

In the following example, the software analyzed the sldvdemo_cruise_control_verification model for property proving. The analysis proved that the input to the Assertion block named BrakeAssertion was nonzero.

Counterexample

The Counterexample section lists the time step and corresponding time at which the counterexample falsified the property. This section also lists the values of the signals at that time step.