Main Content


Determine price or sensitivities of cash-or-nothing digital options using Black-Scholes model



PriceSens = cashsensbybls(RateSpec,StockSpec,Settle,Maturity,OptSpec,Strike,Payoff) computes the price or sensitivities for cash-or-nothing European digital options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.


PriceSens = cashsensbybls(___,Name,Value) specifies options using one or more name-value pair arguments in addition to the input arguments in the previous syntax.


collapse all

Consider a European call and put cash-or-nothing options on a futures contract with an exercise price of $90, and a fixed payoff of $10 that expires on October 1, 2008. Assume that on January 1, 2008 the contract trades at $110, and has a volatility of 25% per annum and the risk-free rate is 4.5% per annum. Using this data, calculate the price and sensitivity of the call and put cash-or-nothing options on the futures contract. First, create the RateSpec:

Settle = 'Jan-1-2008';
Maturity = 'Oct-1-2008';
Rates = 0.045;
Compounding = -1;  
Basis = 1;
RateSpec = intenvset('ValuationDate', Settle, 'StartDates', Settle,...
'EndDates', Maturity, 'Rates', Rates, 'Compounding', Compounding, 'Basis', Basis)
RateSpec = struct with fields:
           FinObj: 'RateSpec'
      Compounding: -1
             Disc: 0.9668
            Rates: 0.0450
         EndTimes: 0.7500
       StartTimes: 0
         EndDates: 733682
       StartDates: 733408
    ValuationDate: 733408
            Basis: 1
     EndMonthRule: 1

Define the StockSpec.

AssetPrice = 110;
Sigma = .25;
DivType = 'Continuous';
DivAmount = Rates;
StockSpec = stockspec(Sigma, AssetPrice, DivType, DivAmount)
StockSpec = struct with fields:
             FinObj: 'StockSpec'
              Sigma: 0.2500
         AssetPrice: 110
       DividendType: {'continuous'}
    DividendAmounts: 0.0450
    ExDividendDates: []

Define the call and put options.

OptSpec = {'call'; 'put'};
Strike = 90;
Payoff = 10;

Compute the gamma, theta, and price.

OutSpec = { 'gamma';'theta';'price'};
[Gamma, Theta, Price] = cashsensbybls(RateSpec, StockSpec,...
Settle, Maturity, OptSpec, Strike, Payoff, 'OutSpec', OutSpec)
Gamma = 2×1


Theta = 2×1


Price = 2×1


Input Arguments

collapse all

Interest-rate term structure (annualized and continuously compounded), specified by the RateSpec obtained from intenvset. For information on the interest-rate specification, see intenvset.

Data Types: struct

Stock specification for the underlying asset. For information on the stock specification, see stockspec.

stockspec handles several types of underlying assets. For example, for physical commodities the price is StockSpec.Asset, the volatility is StockSpec.Sigma, and the convenience yield is StockSpec.DividendAmounts.

Data Types: struct

Settlement or trade date for the basket option, specified as an NINST-by-1 vector of serial date numbers or date character vectors.

Data Types: double | char | cell

Maturity date for the basket option, specified as an NINST-by-1 vector of serial date numbers or date character vectors.

Data Types: double | char | cell

Definition of the option as 'call' or 'put', specified as an NINST-by-1 vector.

Data Types: char | cell

Strike price value, specified as an NINST-by-1 vector.

Data Types: double

Payoff values (or the amount to be paid at expiration), specified as an NINST-by-1 vector.

Data Types: double

Name-Value Arguments

Specify optional pairs of arguments as Name1=Value1,...,NameN=ValueN, where Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name-value arguments must appear after other arguments, but the order of the pairs does not matter.

Before R2021a, use commas to separate each name and value, and enclose Name in quotes.

Example: [Gamma,Theta,Price] = cashsensbybls(RateSpec,StockSpec,Settle,Maturity,OptSpec,Strike,Payoff,'OutSpec',{'gamma';'theta';'price'})

Define outputs, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'OutSpec' and a NOUT- by-1 or a 1-by-NOUT cell array of character vectors with possible values of 'Price', 'Delta', 'Gamma', 'Vega', 'Lambda', 'Rho', 'Theta', and 'All'.

OutSpec = {'All'} specifies that the output is Delta, Gamma, Vega, Lambda, Rho, Theta, and Price, in that order. This is the same as specifying OutSpec to include each sensitivity.

Example: OutSpec = {'delta','gamma','vega','lambda','rho','theta','price'}

Data Types: char | cell

Output Arguments

collapse all

Expected prices or sensitivities (defined using OutSpec) for cash-or-nothing option, returned as a NINST-by-1 vector.

Version History

Introduced in R2009a