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Design 77 GHz Patch Microstrip for Automotive Radar Receiver

This example shows how to create, model, and analyze an inset-fed patch microstrip antenna at high frequencies. As the frequency of operation increases to millimeter waves, the antenna sizes decrease and the antennas are fabricated on printed circuit boards (PCBs). Such printed antennas are of light weight, are inexpensive, easy to integrate, and are widely used as components in a radar. The antenna designed in this example operates at a frequency of 77 GHz and is used in an automotive radar receiver.

Define Parameters

The length and the width of the patch are as provided in [1]. The antenna is designed on a Rogers RO3003™ substrate, with the dielectric constant of 3, loss tangent of 0.0013, and 130 um thickness. A copper conductor of thickness 17 um is used as the patch.

PL = 1049e-6;
PW = 1412e-6;
sub = dielectric(Name='RO3003',EpsilonR=3,LossTangent=0.0013,Thickness=130e-6);
con = metal(Name='Copper',Conductivity=5.96e7,Thickness=17e-6);

Create Patch Microstrip Antenna

Create an inset-fed patch microstrip antenna using the patchMicrostripInsetfed object. The ground plane dimensions are 1800 um by 2800 um. The length and the width of the notch are specified as 100 um and 160 um, respectively. The strip line width is 100 um. The antenna feed is located at the end of the strip.

ant = patchMicrostripInsetfed(Length=PL,Width=PW,Height=sub.Thickness,...
    Substrate=sub,Conductor=con,GroundPlaneLength=1800e-6,...
    GroundPlaneWidth=2800e-6,NotchLength=100e-6,NotchWidth=160e-6,...
    StripLineWidth=100e-6,FeedOffset=[-900e-6 0]);
show(ant)

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object with title patchMicrostripInsetfed antenna element contains 5 objects of type patch, surface. These objects represent Copper, feed, RO3003.

Analyze Antenna

Use the mesh function to create and display the mesh structure of the patch microstrip antenna. Mesh the antenna with a maximum edge length of 140e-6 m.

mesh(ant,MaxEdgeLength=140e-6) 

{"String":"Figure contains an axes object and an object of type uicontrol. The axes object with title Metal-Dielectric contains 3371 objects of type patch, surface. These objects represent Copper, feed, RO3003.","Tex":"Metal-Dielectric","LaTex":[]}

Use the sparameters function to plot the s-parameters of patch antenna over a frequency range of 72 -110 GHz. The antenna resonates at 77 GHz, with an approximate bandwidth of 2.7 GHz

sf = sparameters(ant,linspace(72e9,110e9,100));
figure;
rfplot(sf)

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type line. This object represents dB(S_{11}).

Use the pattern function to plot the 3-D radiation pattern of the antenna at 77 GHz. The gain obtained from the antenna is over 7 dBi.

pattern(ant,77e9)

{"String":"Figure contains an axes object and other objects of type uicontrol. The axes object contains 5 objects of type patch, surface. This object represents RO3003.","Tex":[],"LaTex":[]}

Plot the copolarization plot in the H-plane for the antenna at 77 GHz in a rectangular coordinate system with normalization.

pattern(ant,77e9,0,0:1:180,CoordinateSystem='rectangular',Normalize=true)

{"String":"Figure contains an axes object and other objects of type uicontrol. The axes object contains an object of type line.","Tex":[],"LaTex":[]}

Conclusion

The analysis results of the 77 GHz microstrip patch antenna show that it has good bandwidth and gain and is suitable for use in applications like automotive radar receivers.

References

[1] Seyyedesfahlan, Mehdi and I. Tekin. “77 GHz PCB Patch Antenna.” URSI (International Union of Radio Science) Türkiye Ulusal Komitesi (2016).