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Use a string as a struct name

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Ulrik William Nash
Ulrik William Nash am 10 Nov. 2019
Bearbeitet: James Tursa am 17 Mai 2024 um 23:53
In different files, I have a struct. Each struct has the same underlying structure and variable names. But the name of each struct is different, yet predicable by the filename
I want to programatically load the files (no problem), create a string from information in the filename (no problem), and then use this string as the structname. For example (getting data in the matrix 'age'):
filename = 'output_setting1.mat'
structname = 'setting1'
data = setting1.age
How can I convert structname = 'setting1' so I can use it as shown in the last line?

Antworten (1)

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson am 10 Nov. 2019
filename = 'output_setting1.mat';
file_struct = load(filename);
fn = fieldnames(file_struct);
data_struct = file_struct.(fn{1});
data = data_struct.age;
No need to dynamically create the name of a variable: you can create the name of a field instead.
  2 Kommentare
Richard Mustakos
Richard Mustakos am 17 Mai 2024 um 17:08
Bearbeitet: James Tursa am 17 Mai 2024 um 23:52
It turns out there is a good reason.
I have a file with a corrupted field. I can select the file in the file browser and see a list of all the contents. I can idividually select the fields and load them, except for the corrupted field.
So, for me, this is a fall back case to load all the fields except the corrupted ones, with the names from the files.
There are two ways I can handle this:
Use 'whos' to get the fields and walk through them inside a try-catch, if it works I add the name to a list of readable fields and then struct = load(filename,fields), which requires me tto load each field twice.
Use 'whos' to get the fields and walk through them inside a try-catch, adding it to the struct as a field. In this case I only readfields once.
Either way, no problem with maintenance as the names are those from the file, not arbitrary.
James Tursa
James Tursa am 17 Mai 2024 um 23:50
Bearbeitet: James Tursa am 17 Mai 2024 um 23:53
@Richard Mustakos Is the file created by a 3rd party app and uncompressed? Can you manually edit the file and replace the corrupted fieldnames with valid ones, ensuring that the valid names are exactly the same length as the corrupted names? And then load the corrected file?

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