# Join Subgraphs into a new Graph

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Sim am 17 Jun. 2024
Bearbeitet: Sim am 18 Jun. 2024
Is there a way or function in Matlab to merge/connect/join a number of Subgraphs into a new Graph?
The following code shows that starting from a Graph, we can extract Subgraphs. What I am looking for is a function to go to the opposite direction, i.e. given a set of (likely overlapping) Subgraphs, join/conncet/nerge them into a new Graph. Is it possible somehow?
clear all; clc; close all;
% Creata a Graph
s = [1 1 1 3 3 6 7 8 9 10 4 12 13 5 15 16 17 18 19 19 20 20 17 24 25 4 27 28 29];
t = [2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30];
G = graph(s,t);
% Node ID: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
G.Nodes.X = [2 1 3 2 4 4 5 4 5 4 5 1 3 3 5 6 7 6 8 7 9 8 9 8 9 10 1 1 0 1]';
G.Nodes.Y = [2 1 3 9 3 5 8 12 13 18 21 15 18 21 0 2 8 12 15 20 10 22 18 5 4 4 5 8 12 23]';
% Extract the Subgraphs from the "Original Graph"
Gpath{1} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,4,14));
Gpath{2} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,4,26));
Gpath{3} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,4,30));
Gpath{4} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,3,10));
Gpath{5} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,3,28));
Gpath{6} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,3,21));
Gpath{7} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,17,12));
Gpath{8} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,17,23));
Gpath{9} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,17,26));
% Figure
hold on
p(1) = plot(G,'XData',G.Nodes.X,'YData',G.Nodes.Y,'LineWidth',1,'EdgeColor','k','NodeColor','k');
p(1).DisplayName = 'Original Graph';
for i = 1:9
p(2) = plot(Gpath{i},'XData',Gpath{i}.Nodes.X,'YData',Gpath{i}.Nodes.Y,'EdgeColor','y','NodeColor','y');
p(2).NodeLabel = {};
p(2).EdgeAlpha = 1;
p(2).LineWidth = 5;
p(2).DisplayName = sprintf('Subgraph %d',i);
end
legend('Location','eastoutside')
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### Akzeptierte Antwort

Christine Tobler am 17 Jun. 2024
Bearbeitet: Christine Tobler am 17 Jun. 2024
Here's a quick example based on a guess at how you would like to merge the graphs:
G1 = graph(["A" "B" "C"], ["B" "C" "D"]);
G2 = graph(["A" "B" "C" "E"], "D");
tiledlayout(1, 2);
nexttile
plot(G1);
nexttile
plot(G2);
% Make new, combined graph:
Gall = graph;
figure
plot(Gall)
Note I have given every node a string label. This simplifies the work quite a lot, since it means graph will be combining the correct nodes with each other, even if they're not used in the same order in each of the subgraphs. With only numbers, you would need to indicate in some way which nodes should be merged together.
Also, you may notice there are now two edges between node C and D, since this edge was in both G1 and G2. If you're graph isn't supposed to have multiple edges at all, you can remove this duplication by calling simplify(Gall). Otherwise, you would need some kind of labeling on the edges so that we can distinguish if an edge is just appearing multiple times, or if it's two different types of edges.
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Christine Tobler am 18 Jun. 2024
Yes, great to see it works!
Sim am 18 Jun. 2024
Bearbeitet: Sim am 18 Jun. 2024
Thanks a lot! This process saved me a looooot of time (and stress!).. :-) Also, my original figure that I produced with the disjoint Subgraphs was around 135 MB once printed (with exportgraphics), and now it is "just" 17 MB... A big improvement! :-)
A big thank to both of you, @Christine Tobler and @Steven Lord, for your suggestions!!

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### Weitere Antworten (1)

Steven Lord am 17 Jun. 2024
G1 = graph(randi(10, 20, 1), randi(10, 20, 1));
G2 = graph(randi(10, 20, 1), randi(10, 20, 1));
Here I have two random graphs, each with 10 nodes and up to 20 edges.
subplot(1, 2, 1)
plot(G1)
title("G1")
subplot(1, 2, 2)
plot(G2)
title("G2")
When you say you want to join these, how do you want to join them? Which nodes in G1 should connect to nodes in G2? Or do you just want to join them into a forest, where each node in G2 is renumbered to avoid conflict with the nodes that already exist in G1?
G3 = G1;
figure
plot(G3)
title("G3")
Or do you want each node in the joined graph to connect to any node that it was connected to in either G1 or G2?
G4 = G1;
figure
plot(G4)
title("G4")
Also, FYI, rather than plotting each graph anew I'd consider using highlight to highlight them in the plot of the existing graph.
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Sim am 17 Jun. 2024
Bearbeitet: Sim am 17 Jun. 2024
Thanks a lot to both of you @Steven Lord and @Christine Tobler, for your nice answers!
Given the following subgraphs:
subplot = @(m,n,p) subtightplot (m, n, p, [0 0], [0 0], [0 0]);
% Creata a Graph
s = [1 1 1 3 3 6 7 8 9 10 4 12 13 5 15 16 17 18 19 19 20 20 17 24 25 4 27 28 29];
t = [2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30];
G = graph(s,t);
% Node ID: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
G.Nodes.X = [2 1 3 2 4 4 5 4 5 4 5 1 3 3 5 6 7 6 8 7 9 8 9 8 9 10 1 1 0 1]';
G.Nodes.Y = [2 1 3 9 3 5 8 12 13 18 21 15 18 21 0 2 8 12 15 20 10 22 18 5 4 4 5 8 12 23]';
% Extract the Subgraphs from the "Original Graph"
Gpath{1} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,4,14));
Gpath{2} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,4,26));
Gpath{3} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,4,30));
Gpath{4} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,3,10));
Gpath{5} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,3,28));
Gpath{6} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,3,21));
Gpath{7} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,17,12));
Gpath{8} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,17,23));
Gpath{9} = subgraph(G,shortestpath(G,17,26));
% Figure
figure('position',[400 400 700 600],'Color',[1 1 1]);
for i = 1:9
subplot(3,3,i)
hold on
p(1) = plot(G,'XData',G.Nodes.X,'YData',G.Nodes.Y,'LineWidth',1,'EdgeColor','k','NodeColor','k');
p(2) = plot(Gpath{i},'XData',Gpath{i}.Nodes.X,'YData',Gpath{i}.Nodes.Y,'EdgeColor','y','NodeColor','y');
p(2).NodeLabel = {};
p(2).EdgeAlpha = 1;
p(2).LineWidth = 5;
% p(1).DisplayName = 'Original Graph';
% p(2).DisplayName = sprintf('Subgraph %d',i);
axis off
end
I would like to join the yellow paths, which are stored as Subgraphs, i.e. Gpath{1}, Gpath{2}, ..., Gpath{9}, into a (new) Graph which is formed by the same nodes and edges of all the yellow Subgraphs, i.e. I would like to get the following (new) Graph, which I guess will have multi-edges somewhere due to the overlap of Subgraphs:
Inspired by both of your solutions, I tried the following piece of code:
Gall = graph;
for i = 1 : 9
end
figure
plot(Gall,'XData',Gall.Nodes.X,'YData',Gall.Nodes.Y);
However, the command addedge, does not pass the X and Y coordinates of the nodes to the (new) Graph, "Gall". Therefore, I get the following error:
Error using .
Unrecognized table variable name 'X'.
Error in indexing (line 130)
out = subsref(nodeprop, S);
Error in untitled2 (line 46)
plot(Gall,'XData',Gall.Nodes.X,'YData',Gall.Nodes.Y);
How can I correct that error? :-)

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