Bus for conserving connection lines
Simscape / Utilities
The Simscape Bus block bundles conserving connections into a Simscape Bus line. You can also use this block to access one or more connections from an existing Simscape Bus line. Physical connection lines are nondirectional, therefore, the block can serve as both a bus creator and a bus selector. Typically, a model would have two Simscape Bus blocks, facing each other, with their bus ports connected.
However, a model can also contain a hierarchy of Simscape Bus blocks.
Conserving connections bundled into a Simscape Bus line can belong to different domains.
The block bundles only the Simscape™ conserving connections, that is, nondirectional connection lines between Simscape conserving ports or Simscape Multibody™ ports. It does not work with other types of connections, such as physical signal lines or Simscape Electrical™ Specialized Power Systems connection lines. For more information on conserving connections, see Physical Conserving Ports.
The Simscape Bus block can have ports on two sides:
Parent (bundle) side, indicated by the black ribbon. This side contains a single bus port, which bundles all the connections coming into the block on the children side.
Children (elements) side, opposite the parent side. This side does not have any ports by default. You add ports by dragging the connection lines to that side of the block, or by using the block dialog box. Elements coming into the block on the children side can be either conserving connection lines or Simscape Bus lines. Every time you add a port on the children side, the corresponding connection is added to the connections list inside the block.
The names of the connections are shown on the block icon, next to the corresponding ports on the children side, and in the Hierarchy Strings list in the block dialog box. You can edit these names in the dialog box or directly on the icon, if needed, by clicking and typing a new name.
The block dialog box contains these buttons:
|Add a new connection name to the Hierarchy Strings list. The
default connection names are
Connection2, and so on. You can edit these names, as needed, by
selecting a row, then clicking it again and typing the new name. When you add a
connection using this button, a round conserving port appears on the children side of
the block, similar to that of a Connection Port block.
The domain type of this conserving port is defined once you connect it to a conserving
port on another block. After that, you can connect only the same type of port to the
corresponding connection on the second bus. You can also add connections directly on
the canvas, by dragging a connection line from a conserving port on another block to
the children side of the Simscape Bus block.
|Delete the selected connection from the Hierarchy Strings list. For unconnected ports, you can also delete them or edit their names directly on the canvas.
|Refresh the Hierarchy Strings list after adding or removing connections on the canvas.
Working with the Block on Model Canvas
To add connections to a Simscape Bus block:
Select a conserving port on another block. Or, to create a hierarchy of Simscape Bus blocks, select a bus port on the parent side of another Simscape Bus block.
Drag a connection line from the selected port to the children side of the first Simscape Bus block.
A new connection with the default name is automatically added to the block connection list. You can edit the connection name, as needed, in the upper blue field. When done editing, select the connection name in the lower blue field to create the connection.
A Simscape Bus block cannot have multiple children connections to the same port. In other words, you cannot connect a conserving port on another block to the same Simscape Bus block more than once.
You can create a hierarchy of Simscape Bus blocks by connecting a bus port on the parent side of a Simscape Bus block to a child port of another Simscape Bus block, but child connections between different Simscape Bus blocks are prohibited. In other words, you cannot connect a conserving port on a block to more than one Simscape Bus block.
When you delete a connection line, the corresponding port on the children side of the block is not deleted. You can reuse it by connecting another block.
To delete unused ports:
Select a round conserving port on the children side of a Simscape Bus block. Make sure to select just the port, not the whole block.
From the ellipsis menu, select Delete Port. Deleting a port also deletes the corresponding name in the block connection list.
Specifying Rigid Interfaces
You can lock down connection types for a Simscape Bus block by defining a
rigid interface specification. Design a rigid interface specifications for conserving
connections by using
Simulink.ConnectionElement objects. When you apply such rigid
specification to a Simscape Bus block, the block ports become typed by the
interface and do not accept connections to a different domain type. This functionality helps
you ensure the correct connection types within your model architecture.
Use the Connection type parameter to apply a rigid interface specification. For detailed information, see Apply a Rigid Interface Specification to a Simscape Bus Block.
When you apply a rigid interface specification to a Simscape Bus block:
If the block previously had no ports on the children side, the block automatically adds children ports corresponding to the interface definition. In case of a nested bus definition, only the children ports in first level of the top bus appear automatically.
If the block already had ports on the children side, these ports are not overwritten and the new ports do not appear automatically. Instead, the block validates the names and types of existing ports against the interface definition and reports connection errors, if found.
When you apply a rigid interface specification to a Simscape Bus block, the block appearance changes to indicate a rigid bus. The bus (parent) port has a white center and the block icon has a Refresh badge in the bottom-left corner.
When applying rigid interfaces, you can connect the bus (parent) ports of two
Simscape Bus blocks if they are both rigid and use the same interface
definition, or if one of the blocks is a rigid bus and the other one is flexible (with
Connection type parameter set to
auto). In both of these cases, the connection line style (double line)
indicates a rigid bus connection.
To remove the rigid interface specification, set the Connection
type parameter to
Bus — Simscape Bus port
Port connected to a Simscape Bus line, which represents a bundle of conserving connection lines. The bundle contains all the lines connected to the block on the opposite side.
This opposite side, by default, does not have ports. You add ports by dragging the connection lines to that side of the block, or by using the block dialog box. Elements coming into the block on the children side can be either conserving connection lines or Simscape Bus lines. Every time you add a port on the children side, the corresponding connection is added to the connections list inside the block.
Connection type — Specify or remove rigid interface
Inherit: auto (default) | list of
Specify a rigid interface by selecting a port type from the drop-down list. The list
contains the names of
ConnectionBus objects present in the base
workspace or a data dictionary. If you add a new
to the base workspace or data dictionary, click Refresh data types
in the drop-down list to make the new object available for selection. To create or
ConnectionBus objects, click the Show type
assistant button next to the drop-down list to display the Type
For more information, see Specifying Rigid Interfaces.
To remove the rigid interface specification, set the Connection
type parameter to
Mode — Specify connection mode
Inherit (default) |
Connection Bus object
Works in conjunction with the Connection type parameter and provides additional options for specifying a rigid interface:
Inherit— Indicates flexible interface. The only drop-down option available is
auto. Corresponds to the Connection type parameter setting
Connection Bus object— Specify a rigid bus connection. Type the name of an existing
ConnectionBusobject in the
<object name>field or use the Edit button to open the Type Editor and create or modify a
To enable this selection, click the Show type assistant button next to the Connection type parameter. As you select values in the Type Assistant panel, the Connection type parameter setting updates accordingly.
Hierarchy Strings — List of connection names
empty (default) | connection names
List of connection names corresponding to the conserving lines that are connected to the Simscape Bus block. By default, this list is empty. Every time you add a connection, a conserving port appears on the children side of the block. Use the or buttons in the block dialog box to add or remove connections.
You can also add and remove connections directly on the model canvas, as described in Working with the Block on Model Canvas.
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