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linkaxes

Synchronize limits of multiple axes

Description

example

linkaxes(ax) synchronizes the limits of the specified vector of axes. Synchronizing limits allows you to zoom or pan in one plot or figure and display the same range of data in another plot or figure. When you first call linkaxes, the function chooses new limits that incorporate the current limits of all the specified axes.

example

linkaxes(ax,dimension) synchronizes the axes limits for the specified axis dimension. For example, linkaxes(ax,'x') synchronizes the limits for the x-axis only.

Examples

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Display a tiling of plots using the tiledlayout and nexttile functions.

Create a 3-by-1 tiled chart layout by using the tiledlayout function. Then, create the axes objects ax1, ax2, and ax3 by using the nexttile function and plot into each axes.

tiledlayout(3,1)

% First plot
ax1 = nexttile;
x1 = linspace(0,6);
y1 = sin(x1);
plot(x1,y1)

% Second plot
ax2 = nexttile;
x2 = linspace(0,10);
y2 = 2*sin(2*x2);
plot(x2,y2)

% Third plot
ax3 = nexttile;
x3 = linspace(0,12,200);
y3 = 4*sin(6*x3);
plot(x3,y3)

Figure contains 3 axes objects. Axes object 1 contains an object of type line. Axes object 2 contains an object of type line. Axes object 3 contains an object of type line.

Synchronize the x-axis and y-axis limits of each plot. Note that the new axes limits incorporate the old limits.

linkaxes([ax1 ax2 ax3],'xy')

Figure contains 3 axes objects. Axes object 1 contains an object of type line. Axes object 2 contains an object of type line. Axes object 3 contains an object of type line.

Set the x-axis limits for the first plot. All of the axes are linked, so the x-axis limits in the second and third plots also change.

ax1.XLim = [0 4.5];

Figure contains 3 axes objects. Axes object 1 contains an object of type line. Axes object 2 contains an object of type line. Axes object 3 contains an object of type line.

Panning or zooming into one of the plots displays the same range of data in the other two plots.

To remove the linking, use linkaxes([ax1 ax2 ax3],'off').

Synchronize and modify the x-axis limits of multiple axes objects by using the linkaxes function.

Display a tiling of plots using the tiledlayout and nexttile functions. Create a 2-by-1 tiled chart layout by using the tiledlayout function. Then, create the axes objects ax1 and ax2 by using the nexttile function and plot into each axes.

t = tiledlayout(2,1);

% First plot
ax1 = nexttile;
p1 = peaks;
surf(ax1,p1);
view(3)

% Second plot
ax2 = nexttile;
p2 = peaks(25);
mesh(ax2,p2)

Figure contains 2 axes objects. Axes object 1 contains an object of type surface. Axes object 2 contains an object of type surface.

Synchronize the x-axis limits for the two axes objects. The x-axis limits for the newly linked axes objects will update to encompass all the data.

linkaxes([ax1 ax2],'x');

Update the x-axis limits for all linked axes objects by setting the x-axis limits for just one of the axes objects.

ax1.XLim = [0 15];

Figure contains 2 axes objects. Axes object 1 contains an object of type surface. Axes object 2 contains an object of type surface.

ax2.XLim
ans = 1×2

     0    15

Remove the linking by turning off synchronization.

linkaxes([ax1 ax2],'off');

Input Arguments

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Target axes, specified as a vector of Axes objects.

You can link any number of Axes objects. For example, linkaxes([ax1 ax2 ax3]) links ax1, ax2, and ax3. Separate calls to linkaxes([ax1 ax2]) and linkaxes([ax2 ax3]) cancels the link between ax1 and ax2.

Axis limits to synchronize, specified as one of these values:

  • 'xyz' — Synchronize the x-axis, y-axis, and z-axis limits.

  • 'x' — Synchronize only the x-axis limits.

  • 'y' — Synchronize only the y-axis limits.

  • 'z' — Synchronize only the z-axis limits.

  • 'xy' — Synchronize only the x-axis and y-axis limits.

  • 'xz' — Synchronize only the x-axis and z-axis limits.

  • 'yz' — Synchronize only the y-axis and z-axis limits.

  • 'off' — Turn off synchronization.

Version History

Introduced before R2006a

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