Albers Equal-Area Conic Projection
Meridians: Equally spaced straight lines converging to a common point, usually beyond the pole. The angles between the meridians are less than the true angles.
Parallels: Unequally spaced concentric circular arcs centered on the point of convergence. Spacing of parallels decreases away from the central latitudes.
Poles: Normally circular arcs, enclosing the same angle as the displayed parallels.
Symmetry: About any meridian.
This is an equal-area projection. Scale is true along the one or two selected standard parallels. Scale is constant along any parallel; the scale factor of a meridian at any given point is the reciprocal of that along the parallel to preserve equal-area. This projection is free of distortion along the standard parallels. Distortion is constant along any other parallel. This projection is neither conformal nor equidistant.
The cone of projection has interesting limiting forms. If a pole is selected as a single standard parallel, the cone is a plane and a Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection results. If two parallels are chosen, not symmetric about the Equator, then a Lambert Equal-Area Conic projection results. If a pole is selected as one of the standard parallels, then the projected pole is a point, otherwise the projected pole is an arc. If the Equator is chosen as a single parallel, the cone becomes a cylinder and a Lambert Equal-Area Cylindrical projection is the result. Finally, if two parallels equidistant from the Equator are chosen as the standard parallels, a Behrmann or other equal-area cylindrical projection is the result. Suggested parallels for maps of the conterminous U.S. are [29.5 45.5]. The default parallels are [15 75].
Longitude data greater than 135º east or west of the central meridian is trimmed.
landareas = shaperead('landareas.shp','UseGeoCoords',true); axesm ('eqaconic', 'Frame', 'on', 'Grid', 'on'); geoshow(landareas,'FaceColor',[1 1 .5],'EdgeColor',[.6 .6 .6]); tissot;