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HDL Code Generation and FPGA Synthesis from Simulink Model

This example shows how you can generate HDL code for a simple counter model and synthesize the generated code on a Xilinx® FPGA by using the Simulink® HDL Workflow Advisor. To create this model, see Create HDL-Compatible Simulink Model.

Simulink HDL Workflow Advisor

The HDL Workflow Advisor guides you through generating HDL code for a Simulink subsystem and the FPGA design process, such as:

  • Checking the model for HDL code generation compatibility and automatically fixing incompatible settings.

  • Generation of HDL code, a test bench, and scripts to build and run the code and test bench.

  • Generation of cosimulation or SystemVerilog DPI test benches and code coverage (requires HDL Verifier™).

  • Synthesis and timing analysis through integration with third-party synthesis tools.

  • Back-annotation of the model with critical path information and other information obtained during synthesis.

  • Complete automated workflows for selected FPGA development target devices and the Simulink Real-Time™ FPGA I/O workflow, including FPGA-in-the-loop simulation.

Simple Counter Model

Open this model to see a simple counter. The model counts up from zero to a threshold value and then wraps back to zero. The threshold value is set to 15. To change the threshold value, change the value of the input to the count_threshold port. The Enable signal specifies whether the counter counts upward or holds the previous value. A value of 1 indicates that the counter counts upward continuously.

Set Up Tool Path

To synthesize your design on a target platform, before you open the HDL Workflow Advisor and run the workflow, set up the path to your synthesis tool. This example uses Xilinx Vivado®, so you must have already installed Xilinx Vivado. To set the tool path, use the hdlsetuptoolpath function to point to an installed Xilinx Vivado 2019.2 executable.

hdlsetuptoolpath('ToolName','Xilinx Vivado','ToolPath',...
If you use a different synthesis tool, set the path to that synthesis tool by using hdlsetuptoolpath. To learn about the latest supported tools, see HDL Language Support and Supported Third-Party Tools and Hardware.

If you want to generate HDL code but not synthesize your design, you do not have to set the tool path.

Open the HDL Workflow Advisor

To start the HDL Workflow Advisor from a Simulink model,

  1. In the Apps tab, select HDL Coder.

  2. Select the DUT Subsystem in your model, HDL_DUT, and make sure this name appears in the Code for option on the HDL Code tab. To remember the selection, pin this option. Click Workflow Advisor.

When you open the HDL Workflow Advisor, the code generator might warn that the project folder is incompatible. To open the Advisor, select Remove and continue.

The HDL Workflow Advisor displays a group of tasks in the left pane grouped by folders. Expanding the folders shows available tasks in each folder. Selecting a task or folder displays information about that task or folder in the right pane. The right pane has simple controls for running the task to several parameters and options for code or test bench generation, and contains a display area for status messages and other task results.

To learn more about each individual task, right-click that task, and select What's This?.

See Getting Started with the HDL Workflow Advisor.

Generate HDL Code

  1. In the Set Target > Set Target Device and Synthesis Tool step, for Synthesis tool, select Xilinx Vivado and select Run This Task. See also Workflows in HDL Workflow Advisor. To generate HDL code but not synthesize the code, leave the Synthesis tool setting to No Synthesis Tool Specified.

  2. In Set Target Frequency task, specify a target frequency that you want the design to achieve by using the Target Frequency Parameter. For this example, set Target Frequency (MHz) to 200.

  3. To check you model for code generation compatibility, run the tasks in the Prepare Model For HDL Code Generation folder. Right-click the Check Sample Times task and select Run to Selected Task. If running a task generates a warning, select Modify All, and rerun the task.

  4. To modify code generation , use the tasks in Set Code Generation Options. For example, to customize the target HDL language and the target code generation folder, use the Set Basic Options task. After you make changes, click Apply.

  5. To generate code, right-click the Generate RTL Code and Testbench task and select Run to Selected Task.

Perform FPGA Synthesis and Analysis

  1. In the FPGA Synthesis and Analysis > Perform Synthesis and P/R > Run Implementation task, clear Skip this task and click Apply. Then, right-click this task and select Run to Selected Task.

    The task displays the amount of resources consumed by the design and the data path delay. The slack is the difference between the required time and the arrival time for a combinational path. In this case, the slack is a positive value, which means that data arrived much earlier than the required time.

    Resource and timing report summary information.

  2. Right-click Annotate Model with Synthesis Result and select Run to Selected Task. If you chose Intel Quartus Pro or Microsemi Libero SoC as the Synthesis tool, the Annotate Model with Synthesis Result task is not available. To see the critical path, run the workflow to synthesis and then open the timing reports.

View the annotated critical path in the model.

Critical path is a combinational path between the input and output that has the maximum delay. The critical path delay for the counter model is 2.77ns. The data path delay reported in Run Implementation task is more than the critical path because it accounts for routing delays on the target FPGA. To save resources, optimize the critical path, and improve timing of your design on the target FPGA, use speed and area optimizations in HDL Coder™. To learn more, see Speed and Area Optimizations in HDL Coder.

Run Workflow at Command Line with a Script

To run the HDL workflow at the MATLAB® command prompt, export the Workflow Advisor settings to a script. To export to script, in the HDL Workflow Advisor window, select File > Export to Script. In the Export Workflow Configuration dialog box, enter a file name and save the script. See Run HDL Workflow with a Script.

See Also

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