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Calculate Mean Square Error Performance Using LMS Filter

This example shows how use the LMS Filter block to calculate the mean square error performance in additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN). The block supports scalar and vector inputs of type real or complex. You can generate the HDL code from the LMSFilter subsystem in this Simulink® model.

Set Up Input Variables

Set up these workspace variables for the model. These variables configure the LMS Filter block.

filterLength = 64;
stepSize = 0.2/(1*filterLength); % recommended step size is less than
                                 % 1/(2 x power of input signal x filter length)
vecSize = 2;
inptType = 1;                    % 0 means real; 1 means complex
niter = 20;                      % number of iterations to run for calculating mean square error
frameSize = 2800;
simtime = frameSize/vecSize + 100;
errSumAbsSq = zeros(1,frameSize);
errRefSumAbsSq = zeros(1,frameSize);

Generate Input Data and Run Model

Generate input data for the LMS Filter block and the reference System object™ dsp.LMSFilter for niter number of iterations.

for k = 1:niter
    % Create filter object
    filterObj = dsp.FIRFilter;
    num = normalize(randn(1,filterLength) + inptType*1i*randn(1,filterLength))/sqrt(filterLength);
    filterObj.Numerator = num;

    % Use dsp.LMSFilter object for reference
    lmsfilt = dsp.LMSFilter(filterLength, 'StepSize', stepSize);

    % Generate input data
    observedSignal = fi(randn(frameSize,1,'like',num),1,18,15);
    noise = 0.012*randn(frameSize,1);
    validIn = true(frameSize,1);

    % Generate desired signal by adding noise to filtered data
    desiredSignal = fi(filterObj(double(observedSignal)) + noise,1,18,15);

    % Capture reference output values and calculate average of absolute square error
    [filtOutRef,errRef,wtsRef] = lmsfilt(double(observedSignal),double(desiredSignal));
    errRefSumAbsSq = errRefSumAbsSq + abs(errRef(1:frameSize)).^2.';

    % Simulate model
    LMSModel = 'HDLLMSBlock';
    load_system(LMSModel);% run this command to open the model
    lms = sim(LMSModel);

    % Capture model output and calculate average of absolute square error
    validOut = squeeze(lms.validOut);
    errOutLMS = squeeze(double(lms.errOut)).';
    if vecSize ==1
        errOutAbsSq = abs(errOutLMS(:,validOut)).^2.';
       errOutAbsSq = abs(errOutLMS(validOut,:)).^2.';
    errOutAbsSq = errOutAbsSq(:).';
    errSumAbsSq = errSumAbsSq + errOutAbsSq(1:frameSize);

    % To reset the internal states of the object

Plot Mean Square Error

Plot the mean square error in dB against the LMS Filter block output and the LMS filter reference output.

meanSqErrRefLMS_dB = 10*log10(errRefSumAbsSq/niter);
meanSqErrLMS_dB = 10*log10(errSumAbsSq/niter);
hold on
title('Mean Squared Error Performance')
xlabel('Sample Index')
ylabel('Squared Error Value (in dB)')
legend('LMS filter reference','LMS filter block')

See Also