Line Scan Camera
Read the data from a line scan camera
Simulink Coder Support Package for NXP FRDM-KL25Z Board/ FRDM-TFC Shield
Read the data from the selected line scan camera. The block input specifies the exposure time of the camera in milliseconds. The block input accepts values between 0–150 ms. The block output emits a [1x128] array of uint16 values. Setting an exposure time greater than the sample time of this block can cause nondeterministic behavior.
During simulations, this block output emits emulated camera data in the form of an array of [1x128] uint16 values. The data emulated is similar to what the camera produces, when a dark line moves from left to right on a white background in the form of a sine wave.
You can change the simulation behavior by opening the block
code and by modifying it in the
To modify the block code, perform the following steps:
Go to the MATLAB prompt and enter the following command.
Modify the following code in the
elseif ( coder.target('Sfun') ) cameraData = uint16(zeros(1,128)); % example Simulation code % background light intensity bkgIntensity = 18000; % intensity of the line to follow lineIntinsity = 3500; ambientOffset = (bkgIntensity - lineIntinsity)*0.75; % specify how many pixels wide the line should be lineWidth = 46; create a curve to simulate the ambient light reflecting off of the track baseBluntness = 1.25; baseLine = int16( (sqrt((1+baseBluntness^2)./... (1+baseBluntness^2*sin((0:pi/127:pi)).^2))... .*sin(0:pi/127:pi))... * (bkgIntensity-ambientOffset)) + ambientOffset; % calculate the position of the start of the dip created by % the dark line on the track. This is how we control the position of the line at each simulated sample startIdx = uint8(sin((pi/200)*obj.simSampleNum)*63+64); % calculate the end index of the darkDip, but make sure it % does not exceed the length of the array (128) if((startIdx + uint8(lineWidth-1)) > uint8(128)) endIdx = uint8(128); else endIdx = startIdx + uint8(lineWidth-1); end % create a curve which emulates the dark line's affect on the camera baseHeight = double(baseLine(startIdx:endIdx)); baseHeight = [baseHeight, repmat(bkgIntensity, 1, lineWidth - length(baseHeight))]; bluntness = 1.75; darkDip = uint16( (sqrt((1+bluntness^2)./... (1+bluntness^2*sin((0:pi/(lineWidth-1):pi)).^2))... .*sin(0:pi/(lineWidth-1):pi))... .* (baseHeight - lineIntinsity*0.75)); % combine the darkDip and the baseLine at the calculated location cameraData(:) = baseLine; cameraData(startIdx:endIdx) = cameraData(startIdx:endIdx) - darkDip(1:endIdx-startIdx+1); % threshhold the dip so that we have a flat section at the line cameraData(cameraData < lineIntinsity) = lineIntinsity; % add noise to the data noise = randi(lineIntinsity*0.05, size(cameraData), 'uint16'); cameraData(mod(1:length(cameraData), 2) == 0) = cameraData(mod(1:length(cameraData), 2) == 0) - noise(mod(1:length(cameraData), 2) == 0); cameraData(mod(1:length(cameraData), 2) ~= 0) = cameraData(mod(1:length(cameraData), 2) ~= 0) + noise(mod(1:length(cameraData), 2) == 0); % iterate the simulation Sample Number obj.simSampleNum = obj.simSampleNum + 1; end
Save the MATLAB file.
Change the MATLAB current directory to the folder that contains LinescanCamera.m file.
Create a protected function file for the MATLAB file using the following command in the MATLAB prompt.
Run the following commands in the MATLAB prompt
The block is updated with your new simulation behavior.
Select Camera 0 or Camera 1.
- Sample time
Specify how often this block reads the line scan camera data.