Main Content

Network Coupler (Thermal Mass)

Split network at a thermal connection

  • Library:
  • Simscape / Utilities / Network Couplers

  • Network Coupler (Thermal Mass) block

Description

The Network Coupler (Thermal Mass) block uses a thermal mass to break a network connection. If your existing network has a suitable thermal mass already modeled, then replace it with the fluid network coupler block. Otherwise, introduce a new thermal mass to the system using the Network Coupler (Thermal Mass) block.

Both of the port interfaces of the Network Coupler (Thermal Mass) block are implemented as temperature sources. Therefore, you cannot connect this block directly to a thermal mass or other temperature source because this would cause an Index-2 topology (for more information, see Avoiding Numerical Simulation Issues).

Working with the Block on the Model Canvas

When you add the block to your model and double-click it, the Network Coupler (Thermal Mass) subsystem opens.

Network Coupler (Thermal Mass) subsystem diagram

The Port 1 Interface block contains the dynamics that break the algebraic loop. Double-click this block to set all of the Network Coupler (Thermal Mass) subsystem parameters and view the derived values.

The rate transition blocks are, by default, commented through. Uncomment them if at least one of the coupled networks is running fixed step.

Using the Derived Values to Estimate Block Parameters

On the Analysis tab of the Port 1 Interface block dialog box, the Derived values section contains a list of recommended values that you can use when specifying block parameters. For example, use the Recommended max discrete sample time (s) derived value to verify that your Port 1 network discrete sample time (s) and Port 2 network discrete sample time (s) parameter values are within acceptable limits.

The derived values list is based on the chosen block configuration.

If both networks are running variable step, then the Analysis tab is empty, and there are no restrictions on the thermal mass value you specify.

If one or both networks are running fixed step, then the Analysis tab provides assistance on selecting a suitable thermal mass value, by asking you for an approximate thermal conductance value for the connected networks. If the thermal conductances of the two networks differ, provide the higher value. The Update button then provides a maximum recommended discrete sample time to use.

Ports

Conserving

expand all

If one of the coupled networks is running variable step, connect it to port 1 of the Network Coupler (Thermal Mass) block. If both networks are running fixed step, connect this port to the network with the smaller sample time. If both networks are running variable step, or fixed step with the same step size, then the block polarity does not matter.

If one of the coupled networks is running variable step, connect port 2 of the Network Coupler (Thermal Mass) block to the fixed-step network. If both networks are running fixed step, connect this port to the network with the larger sample time.

Parameters

expand all

Main

Specify the thermal mass value. Calculate this value by using the Mass and Specific heat parameters from the Thermal Mass block being replaced. The Analysis tab also provides assistance on selecting a suitable thermal mass value. For more information, see Using the Derived Values to Estimate Block Parameters.

Select how the coupled networks are sampled:

  • Variable step at ports 1 and 2 — Both networks are variable-step.

  • Variable step at port 1 and fixed step at port 2 — Network 1 is variable-step and Network 2 is fixed-step.

  • Fixed step both ports with common sample time — Both networks are fixed-step, with the same step size.

  • Fixed step both ports with faster sampling at port 1 — Both networks are fixed-step, with different step sizes.

Specify sample time for Network 1, in seconds.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set the Sampling type parameter to Fixed step both ports with common sample time or Fixed step both ports with faster sampling at port 1.

Specify sample time for Network 2, in seconds.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set the Sampling type parameter to Variable step at port 1 and fixed step at port 2 or Fixed step both ports with faster sampling at port 1.

Select this check box to enable the prediction (discrete->continuous) algorithm. For more information, see Prediction and Smoothing.

Dependencies

To display this option, set the Sampling type parameter to Variable step at port 1 and fixed step at port 2.

Select this check box to enable the smoothing (continuous->discrete) algorithm. For more information, see Prediction and Smoothing.

Dependencies

To display this option, set the Sampling type parameter to Variable step at port 1 and fixed step at port 2.

Specify time constant, in seconds, for the first-order filter that the smoothing algorithm uses to remove unwanted high-frequency information.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, select the Use smoothing when connecting variable step to fixed step check box.

Select this check box to enable the prediction (slow->fast) algorithm. For more information, see Prediction and Smoothing.

Dependencies

To display this option, set the Sampling type parameter to Fixed step both ports with faster sampling at port 1.

Select this check box to enable the smoothing (fast->slow) algorithm. For more information, see Prediction and Smoothing.

Dependencies

To display this option, set the Sampling type parameter to Fixed step both ports with faster sampling at port 1.

The smoothing algorithm works by averaging the last N samples. You specify N by using this parameter.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, select the Use smoothing when connecting fast to slow sample times check box.

Analysis

Specify approximate thermal conductance of the connected network, in W/K. If the thermal conductances of the two networks differ, provide the higher value.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set the Sampling type parameter to Variable step at port 1 and fixed step at port 2, Fixed step both ports with common sample time, or Fixed step both ports with faster sampling at port 1.

For information on how to use the Derived values section, see Using the Derived Values to Estimate Block Parameters.

Initial Conditions

Specify initial condition for the thermal mass temperature, in K.

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using Simulink® Coder™.

Version History

Introduced in R2022a