Eckert ll Projection
Central Meridian: Straight line half as long as the Equator.
Other Meridians: Equally spaced straight converging lines broken at the Equator.
Parallels: Unequally spaced straight parallel lines, perpendicular to the central meridian. Spacing is widest near the Equator.
Poles: Lines half as long as the Equator.
Symmetry: About the central meridian or the Equator.
This is an equal-area projection. Scale is true along the 55º10' parallels and is constant along any parallel and between any pair of parallels equidistant from the Equator. It is not free of distortion at any point except at 55º10'N and S along the central meridian; the break at the Equator introduces excessive distortion there. Regardless of the appearance here, the Tissot indicatrices are of indeterminate shape along the Equator. This novelty projection is not conformal or equidistant.
For this projection, only one standard parallel is specified. The other standard parallel is the same latitude with the opposite sign. The standard parallel is by definition fixed at 55º10'.
landareas = shaperead('landareas.shp','UseGeoCoords',true); axesm ('eckert2', 'Frame', 'on', 'Grid', 'on'); geoshow(landareas,'FaceColor',[1 1 .5],'EdgeColor',[.6 .6 .6]); tissot;