You can generate geographic line annotations, such as
navigational tracks and small circles, interactively. Great circle tracks are the
shortest distance between points that, when closed, partition the Earth into equal
halves. A small circle is the locus of points at a constant distance from a
reference point. Use
create them by clicking on the map. Double-click the tracks or circles to modify the
lines. Shift+click the tracks to type specific parameters into a
control panel. The control panels also allow you to retrieve or set properties of
tracks and circles (for instance, great circle distances and small circle
Set up an orthographic view centered over the Pacific Ocean. Use the
axesm('ortho','origin',[30 180]) framem; gridm load coastlines plotm(coastlat,coastlon,'k')
Create a track with the
trackg function, which prompts
for two endpoints. The default track type is a great circle. Create a great
circle track from Los Angeles, California, to Tokyo, Japan, and a 1000 km radius
small circle centered on the Hawaiian Islands.
trackg Track1: Click on starting and ending points
Now create a small circle around Hawaii with the
function, which prompts for a center point and a point on the perimeter. Make
the circle's radius about 2000 km, but don't worry about getting the size
scircleg Circle 1: Click on center and perimeter
The map should look approximately like this.
To adjust the size of the small circle to be 2000 km, Shift+click anywhere on its perimeter. The Small Circles dialog box appears.
2000 into the Radius
Click Close. The small circle adjusts to be 2000 km around Hawaii.
To adjust the track between Los Angeles and Tokyo, Shift+click on it. This brings up the Track dialog, with which you specify a position and initial azimuth for either endpoint, as well as the length and type of the track.
Change the track type from
Great Circle to
Line with the Track pop-up menu. The track immediately changes
Experiment with the other Track dialog controls. Also note that you can move the endpoints of the track with the mouse by dragging the red circles, and obtain the arc's length in various units of distance.
The following figure shows the Small Circles and Track dialog boxes.